بررسی ویژگی‌های سنجشی مقیاس نیاز شخصی به ساختار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شاهد

2 استاد گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شاهد

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تهران

4 استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی آزاد تهران

5 استادیار گروه روانپزشکی و روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران

چکیده

هدف مطالعه حاضر، آماده‌سازی و بررسی ویژگی‌های سنجشی نسخه فارسی مقیاس نیاز شخصی به ساختار (PNSS) است. در این مطالعه 521 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه شاهد، دانشگاه تهران و دانشگاه علوم پزشکی آزاد واحد تهران در سال تحصیلی 95-94 با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، مورد آزمون قرار گرفتند. برای بررسی اعتبار پرسشنامه از اعتبار سازه (تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی) و اعتبار همگرا (محاسبه همبستگی با پرسشنامه هراس اجتماعی-SPIN) استفاده شد.برای بررسی پایایی پرسشنامه از روش‌های آلفای کرونباخ و ضریب پایایی بازآزمایی استفاده شد.نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی حاکی از وجود دو عامل تمایل به ساختار و پاسخ‌دهی به فقدان ساختار بود. نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی نیز حاکی از برتری ساختار عاملی نسخه 9 عبارتی به‌دست‌آمده در تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی بر سایر نسخه‌ها بود. ضریب آلفای کرونباخ کل مقیاس و عامل‌های تشکیل‌دهنده آن در دامنه 69/0 تا 77/0 و ضریب پایایی بازآزمایی در دامنه 69/0 تا 75/0 به دست آمد.همچنین PNSS همبستگی معناداری را با SPIN نشان داد. قوی‌ترین همبستگی بین خرده مقیاس پاسخ به فقدان ساختار و SPIN مشاهده شد.در مجموعنسخه فارسی مقیاس نیاز شخصی به ساختار از پایایی و اعتبار مناسبی برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric Properties of Personal Need for Structure Scale

نویسندگان [English]

  • Khadije Alavi 1
  • Mohammad Ali Asghari Moghadam 2
  • Abbas Rahiminezhad 3
  • Hojatolah Farahani 4
  • Giti Shams 5
چکیده [English]

The objectives of this study are preparation of Persian language version of Personal Need for Structure Scale and investigation of its psychometric properties. A convenience sample of 521 from three universities in Tehran in 2015-2016 was examined to achieve the aims of this study. To investigate the validity of the scale, construct validity (via exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis) and convergent validity were used. For the investigation of the reliability, Cronbach alpha and test-retest reliability coefficients were used. Exploratory factor analysis showed two factors named desire for structure and response to lack of structure. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the superiority of the factor structure of the 9th version which was resulted from exploratory factor analysis, in comparison to the other versions in Iranian samples. For total scale and two extracted factors, Cronbach alphas were between 0.69 and 0.77 and the test- retest reliability coefficients were between 0.69 and 0.75. PNSS showed positive correlation with SPIN; also the response to the lack of structure had the strongest correlation. In sum, the Persian language version of the Personal Need for Structure Scale has adequate reliability and validity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Personal Need for Structure Scale
  • Psychometric Properties
  • reliability
  • Validity
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