سبک های دلبستگی و توانایی بازشناسی حالت های هیجانی چهره

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

2 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

3 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی بالینی. دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

چکیده

جلوه­های هیجانی چهره یکی از پیچیده­ترین حالت­های ذهنی است. هدف از این مطالعه­ بررسی رابطه­ی بین سبک­های دلبستگی و توانایی بازشناسی جلوه­های هیجانی چهره بود. در یک مطالعه­ی مقطعی 221 نفر (100 زن و 121 مرد) از دانشجویان دانشگاه شهید بهشتی از طریق روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و نسخه­ی کامپیوتری تجدیدنظر یافته­ی جلوه­های هیجانی صورت و  پرسشنامه­ی سبک­های دلبستگی را تکمیل نمودند. یافته­ها حاکی از تفاوت­ افراد با سبک دلبستگی ایمن و ناایمن در بازشناسی حالات هیجانی چهره بود. بدین­گونه که افراد با سبک دلبستگی ایمن نسبت به افراد با سبک دلبستگی ناایمن عملکرد مناسب­تری داشتند. نتایج تفاوت معناداری بین سبک­های دلبستگی اجتنابی و اضطرابی نشان نداد. یافته­های این مطالعه در قالب تأثیرات درازمدت تجارب نخستینِ رابطه­ی­ مادر و کودک بر توانایی بازشناسی جلوه­های هیجانی چهره مورد بحث قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Attachment styles and recognition of facial expression of emotion

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Mazaheri 1
  • Vahid Nejati 2
  • Abbas Zabihzadeh 3
  • Gheysar Maleki 3
چکیده [English]

Facial expressions of emotion are one of the most complex mental states. The aim of this study was to examine the link between attachment styles and ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion. In a cross-sectional study, 221 people (100 women and 121 men) from Shahid Beheshti students were selected using convenience sampling method and completed the revised computerized version of the facial emotional expressions test and Attachment Style Questionnaire. Results indicated difference between individuals with secure and insecure attachment styles in recognizing facial expressions of emotion. So that individuals with secure attachment styles had better performance than individuals with insecure attachment. There were no significant differences between individuals with avoidance and anxiety attachment styles. Results are discussed in terms of the long-term influence of early experiences of mother and child relationship on the ability to recognize facial emotional expressions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotion Recognition
  • Facial Expressions of Emotion
  • Attachment Theory

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