اثربخشی بازی با کلمات احساسی بر مهارت های اجتماعی دانش آموزان مبتلا به ناتوانی یادگیری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی روانشناسی،دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده تحصیلات تکمیلی، دانشگاه آزاد بوشهر

3 ایران، کرمانشاه، دانشگاه رازی، گروه روانشناسی

چکیده

ناتوانی یادگیری، تأخیر یا نقص در توانایی فراگیری مهارت‌های تحصیلی اساسی با توجه به سن، آموزش و مقیاس هوش می‌باشد. یکی از مشکلات افراد دارای ناتوانی یادگیری، مسائل مربوط به مهارت‌های اجتماعی است. هدف پژوهش حاضر اثربخشی بازی­ با کلمات احساسی بر مهارت­های اجتماعی دانش­آموزان مبتلا به ناتوانی یادگیری می­باشد. پژوهش حاضر نیمه­تجربی با طرح پیش­آزمون- پس­آزمون است. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانش­آموزان دختر پایه دوم تا ششم دارای ناتوانی یادگیری شهر کرمانشاه بود که نمونه­ای به حجم 24 نفر به صورت تصادفی انتخاب، و به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل گمارده شدند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه مهارت اجتماعی ماتسون (1983) بود. گروه آزمایش به مدت 8 جلسه (هر جلسه 30 دقیقه­)، و دو بار در هفته به بازی کلمات احساسی پرداختند. نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس نشان داد بازی­ با کلمات احساسی موجب بهبود مهارت­های اجتماعی این کودکان شده است (001/0>P). نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان داد بازی با کلمات احساسی می­تواند به عنوان یکی از روش­های مناسب در کمک به دانش­آموزان دارای اختلال یادگیری جهت بهبود مهارت­های اجتماعی کمک کند. این نوع از بازی­درمانی به افراد در ابراز مناسب هیجان­ها، شناخت و همچنین کاربرد آن­ها به شکلی مناسب در ارتباط با افراد و همسالان یاری می رساند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Play with Feeling Words on Social Skills of Students with Learning Disabilities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bita Shalani 1
  • Mostafa Ansari 2
  • akram abbariki 3
3 iran, kermanshah, university razi. psychology
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