اثرات تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه ای بر توانایی تصویرسازی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 اﺳﺘﺎدﯾﺎر داﻧﺸﮑﺪه ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺖ ﺑﺪﻧﯽ. داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬﺮان، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه رفتار حرکتی و روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران،

5 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد دانشکدۀ تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثرات تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه­ ای بر توانایی تصویرسازی دانشجویان بود. این پژوهش از نوع نیمه تجربی بود. از بین دانشجویان تربیت ‌بدنی دانشگاه تهران 60 نفر به شکل در دسترس انتخاب، و به‌صورت تصادفی در چهار گروه دوتایی شم (کنترل) و آنودال (آزمایش)، (هرکدام 15 نفر) مربوط به نقطه P4 و F4 قرار گرفتند. قبل و بعد از تحریک الکتریکی فراجمجمه­ ای آزمودنی­ ها پرسشنامه تصویرسازی حرکتی-3 را کامل کردند. تحلیل داده­ ها نشان داد بین پیش ­آزمون و پس ­آزمون تمامی متغیرها تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد و مشخص گردید بین دو گروه آنودال و شم در دو نقطه P4 و F4 در تصویرسازی حرکتی و تصویرسازی درونی تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. در بررسی تفاوت بین دو نقطه P4 و F4 مشخص گردید، بین دو نقطه برای اثربخشی بر توانایی تصویرسازی تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد. بر اساس یافته­ های پژوهش حاضر پیشنهاد می­ شود که از تحریک الکتریکی مستقیم مغز در یکی از نقاط P4 یا F4 به‌عنوان راهبردی برای بهبود و افزایش توانایی تصویرسازی ذهنی درونی در ورزشکاران و نیز بیماران به‌منظور باز توانی سود جست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Transcranial direct current stimulation on Imagery ability in students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Meysam Yavari Kateb 1
  • Yousef Moghadas tabrizi 2
  • Shahnaz Shahrbanian 3
  • Hasan Gharayagh Zandi 4
  • Fateme Behjame 5
1 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, , Buali-sina University of Hamedan, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Sport Psychology & motor Behavior, Faculty Of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Univercity Of Tehran
5 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Transcranial direct current stimulation on Imagery ability in students. By semi-experimental method sixty students was selected from physical education students of University of Tehran and by at available sampling method and assigned into four groups: sham (control) and anodal (tests) (each of 15) for P4 and F4 point. Then, Participants were asked to perform MIQ-3 before and after transcranial direct current stimulus. Data analyze showed that there is a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test of all variables and it was revealed that there is a significant difference between the two groups of anodal and sham in both P4 and F4 points in motor Imagery and internal Imagery. In examining the difference between the two points, P4 and F4, there was no significant difference between the two points for the effectiveness of the illustrative capability. Based on the findings of the present study, it is suggested that tDCS at one of the P4 or F4 points should be used as a strategy to improve and enhance the ability of internal mental imagery in athletes as well as patients for rehab.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Imagery
  • Mental training
  • Transcranial direct current stimulation
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