رابطه ترس از خودشفقتی و ترس از شادی با پرخوری از طریق میانجی‌گری عاطفه مثبت و منفی در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده‌ی علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز. اهواز. ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز. اهواز. ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، آزمون برازندگی الگوی پیشنهادی رابطه علّی ترس از خودشفقتی و ترس از شادی با پرخوری از طریق میانجی‌گری عاطفه مثبت و منفی در دانشجویان بود. این مطالعه همبستگی از نوع تحلیل مسیر بود. جامعه آماری شامل756 دانشجو (532 دختر،  224 پسر) از دانشجویان دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز در سال تحصیلی 97-1396 بود. نمونه این پژوهش شامل 180 دانشجو (125 دختر، 55 پسر) بود. ابزارهای مورد استفاده، مقیاس‌های ترس از شفقت (FCS)، ترس از شادی (FOH) ، عاطفه مثبت و منفی (PANAS) و بازخورد خوردن (EFQ) بودند. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل مسیر و با کمک نرم‌افزارهای SPSS و AMOS نسخه 24 مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که مسیرهای مستقیم ترس از خودشفقتی و ترس از شادی با عواطف مثبت و منفی و همچنین عاطفه مثبت و منفی به پرخوری معنا‌دار و به‌علاوه، رابطه غیرمستقیم ترس از خودشفقتی و ترس از شادی با پرخوری از طریق میانجی‌گری عاطفه مثبت و منفی معنادار بودند. بنابراین، می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که با کاهش ترس از شادی و ترس از خود شفقتی و در نتیجه، افزایش عواطف مثبت و کاهش عواطف منفی  به کاهش اختلالات روانی از قبیل اختلال پرخوری کمک کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship Between Fear of Self-Compassion and Fear of Happiness with Binge Eating Disorder through the Mediation of Positive and Negative Affect in Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzaneh Malekpour 1
  • Soodabeh Bassaknejad 2
1 Faculty of educational sciences and psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. Ahvaz. Iran
2 Department of clinical psychology, Faculty of educational sciences and psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. Ahvaz. Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to test the suitability of the proposed model for the causal relationship between fear of self-compassion and fear of happiness with binge eating disorder through the mediation of positive and negative affect in students. The statistical population included 756 people (532 girls, 224 boys) from the students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz in the academic year 2017-2018. The sample included 180 people (125 girls, 55 boys). The instruments used were Fear of Compassion scale Gilbert et al. (FCS), Fear of happiness scale Joshanloo (FOH), Positive and Negative Affect Scale Watson et al. (PANAS) and Garner & Garfnickel's Eating Feedback Questionnaire (EFQ). Data were analyzed using SPSS and AMOS software version 24. Our results indicated a direct relation between fear of self-compassion and fear of happiness and positive and negative emotions as well as positive and negative affects which were significant and meaningful for binge eating disorder. In addition, the indirect relation of fear of self-compassion and fear of happiness with binge eating disorder through positive and negative affects mediation were significant. Therefore, it can be concluded that reducing the fear of happiness and fear of self-compassion, which lead to an increase in positive affects, and reduction in negative affects can help people to reduce mental disorders, such as binge eating disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • binge eating disorder
  • fear of happiness
  • fear of self-compassion
  • Negative Affect
  • Positive Affect
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