Effectiveness combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy and biofeedback on treatment patients with vaginismus and their sexual status

Document Type : Research Paper



Vaginismus is a female sexual dysfunction associated with many interpersonal and communication consequences. Purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy and biofeedback on treatmentpatients with vaginismus and their sexual status. For this purpose, in a quasi-experimental study with pretest – posttest along with the control group, 18 women with vaginismus who referred to the psychiatry- psychology clinic were selected, in a purposeful way and then assigned into two groups of 9 people each, randomly. The experimental group underwent six sessions of 90-minute of cognitive-behavioral therapy and biofeedback. The second group did not undergo any intervention. Two groups in pretest and posttest time level were measured. The results of repeated measure analysis of variance indicated that experimental group’s scoresof vaginismus and also other sexual function include infrequency, non-communication, dissatisfaction and avoidance and overall sexual status were significantly lower than control group inpost-test stage.Therefore it appears that combination of cognitive behavioral therapy and biofeedback is an effective wayfor curing patients with vaginismusand improving their other sexual functions and can be used as a useful method of intervention for these patients