Development and Determination of Content and Face Validity of Spiritual Intelligence Scale in Iranian Students

Document Type : Research Paper



People use spiritual intelligence as spiritual capacities and resources for vital decision making and critical thinking in existential subjects or trying to solve daily problems. There is not a valid and reliable scale in this area which is developed based on Islamic conceptualization. The aim of this study was defining spiritual intelligence, determining domains of it, and developing items and testing content and face validities among college students. This study was done in a quantitative and qualitative approach by having a comprehensive overview of the tools of spiritual intelligence and interviewing 67 Bachelor’s students.  According to the results, spiritual intelligence was defined as a process of search for existential being, comprehending spiritual problems, understanding the meaning of religious symbols and rituals, the ability of exhausting spiritual resources for solving problems and adaptation with the environment. In addition, the dimensions of spiritual intelligence were clarified. In the next step 106 statements have been extracted from the existing measures, and 42 statements were generated using semi structured interviews. Data indicate this scale can reliability assess spiritual intelligence in college students. Preparing a shorter form is suggested to reduce the time strain, and enhancing its applicability in spiritual as well as psychological research.


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