Presenting a causal model of relationship between psychological capital and teaching emotions: the mediating role of emotional exhaustion

Document Type : Research Paper



The present study was done with the aim of presenting the causal model of relationship between psychological capitals and teaching emotions with regard to the mediating role of emotional exhaustion. To do this, 172 elementary school teachers from Borazjan were selected via randomized sampling and then answered to a self-report questionnaire consisted of psychological capitals scale (Luthanz et al. 2007), emotional exhaustion (Maslach et al. 1996), and revised version of teaching emotions by Frenzel et al. (2010). Data analysis was administered in two parts of latent and observed variables via structural equation modeling using AMOS software. The results, in latent variables’ model showed that psychological capitals predict positive emotions positively and negative emotions negatively in teachers. Moreover, psychological capitals can decrease teachers’ negative emotions through the mediation of emotional exhaustion. In observed variables’ model, it was revealed that self-efficacy predicts both enjoyment and pride. Besides, the two components of resilience and optimism could predict teachers’ anger and anxiety via the mediation of emotional exhaustion.


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