اثربخشی طرحواره درمانی بر وسواس فکری- عملی و رضایت زناشویی زنان متاهل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی عمومی، واحد سمنان، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی، سمنان، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

3 استادیار دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

طرحواره ­درمانی به عنوان شیوه­ای درمانی برای دستیابی به نیازهای روانی و جسمانی افراد شناخته شده است. هدف از این پژوهش بررسی تاثیر طرحواره درمانی بر علائم وسواس فکری- عملی و رضایت زناشویی بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه زنان متاهل 45-25 ساله شهر تهران در سال 1395 بود. با بهره­گیری از یک طرح آزمایشی کنترل شده تصادفی نمونه­ای مشتمل بر 60 نفر از زنان متاهل شهر تهران با روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب، و به­گونه تصادفی به دو گروه 30 نفره گروه کنترل و گروه آزمایش تقسیم شدند. ابزار تحقیق شامل پرسشنامه­های رضایت زناشویی انریچ و وسواس فکری- عملی مادسلی (MOCI) بود. کلیه آزمودنی­ها ابتدا پرسشنامه وسواس فکری- عملی مادسلی (MOCI) را تکمیل کردند. گروه آزمایش در دوره­های طرحواره درمانی شرکت کردند، اما گروه کنترل ملاقات­های ساده با درمانگر داشتند. داده­ها از پرسشنامه­ها استخراج، و با آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج آزمون کوواریانس نشان داد که طرحواره درمانی موجب کاهش علائم وسواس فکری- عملی و افزایش رضایت زناشویی در مقایسه با گروه کنترل شده است. همچنین طرحواره درمانی بر افزایش رضایت زناشویی اثربخش بوده است و مولفه رابطه جنسی بیشترین افزایش را داشته و حل تعارض کمترین افزایش را داشته است و به­طور معنادار باعث افزایش دو مولفه مدیریت مالی و جهت­گیری مذهبی نشده است.نتایج به دست آمده در این پژوهش حاکی از آن است که طرحواره درمانی می­تواند روش درمانی مؤثری برای کاهش علائم وسواس فکری- عملی و افزایش رضایت زناشویی باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The efficacy of schema therapy on obsessive compulsive disorder and Marital Satisfaction on Married Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • leyla baniadam 1
  • Shahrokh Makvand Hoseini 2
  • Mastooreh Sedaghat 3
1 دانشجو دکتری
چکیده [English]

Schema therapy is known as a therapeutic approach to the physical and psychological needs of individuals. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of schema therapy on obsessive compulsive disorder   and marital satisfaction. The statistical population included all married women aged 25-45 years in Tehran in 1395. Using a randomized controlled trial, samples of 60 married women were selected using available sampling method and randomly divided into two groups of 30 control and experimental groups.  The research tools included Enrich's marital satisfaction questionnaire and Madsely's obsessive-compulsive Inventory (MOCI). All subjects first completed the Madsely obsessive-compulsive Inventory (MOCI). The experimental group participated in the course of the schema, but the control group had simple appointments with the therapist.  Data were extracted from questionnaires and analyzed by covariance analysis.The results of covariance test showed that schema therapy reduced the symptoms of intellectual- obsessive-compulsive and increased marital satisfaction compared with the control group.  The results showed that Schema therapy has been effective in reducing all components of Obsessive-Compulsive-disorder schema therapy has also been effective in increasing marital satisfaction.  And the sex component had the highest increase and the conflict resolution had the least increase and did not significantly increase the two components of financial management and religious orientation. The results of this study indicate that schema therapy can be an effective treatment to reduce Obsessive-Compulsive-disorder and increase marital satisfaction. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • schema therapy
  • Obsessive-Compulsive-disorder
  • Marital Satisfaction
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