Psychological self-Development Process of Academic Leaders (A Meta-Synthesis Study)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Educational Managemen, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The present study aims to explain the psychological self-developmental process of academic leaders. The method of this research is qualitativeand a kind of meta-synthesis. The research population consisted of all the related sources about 2670 sources. First, 250 sources were selected based on abstract. Then, 67 sources were selected based on the content, which eventually analyzed 58 sources as related resources by coding in three levels of proposition (code), concept, and category. In order to verify the quality of data, validity and reliability have been provided.The results showed that the psychological self-developmental process consists of eight key components that 4 steps were psychological that consist of: 1) Self-thinking and self-actualization, 2) self-knowledge and self-awareness, 3) self-motivation, 4) self-initiation, and  the next 4 steps were  psychological-managerial such as 5) selection of self-development methods(structured, guided and individual) 6) applying self-development mechanisms (self-leadership, self-management, self-regulation, self-directed learning, 7) self-development evaluating and monitoring (self-control, self-monitoring and self-evaluation), and finally, responsibility and accountability to self-development activates (self- responsibility, self-commitment and self-accountability( that in this research, psychological dimensions of academic leadership have been emphasized.


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