The Viewpoints of Teachers, Parents, School Counselors and Students Towards Resilient School: A Qualitative Study

Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of Tehran

2 Associate Professor,psychology & Educational Science Faculty, University of Tehran,Tehran, Iran

3 psychology & Educational Science Faculty, University of Tehran,Tehran, Iran


The purpose of this study was to examine the viewpoints of teachers, parents, school counselors and students towards resilient school. For this purpose, 120 subjects (30 teachers, 30 students, 30 parents and 30 counselors) were selected randomly cluster from Tehran. The data collection tool was a semi-structured interview, which was compiled and implemented for four groups in different indicator. In order to analyze the data obtained from the interview; a theoretical coding method was used which in this study included open coding based on the extracted categories from the study of research theoretical bases, axial coding and selective coding. The results of the interviews showed that the factors affecting the formation of resilient school were identified in three groups of factors focused on different elements of the school, the individual and the family. Investigating related research also showed that mainly two categories of internal and external protection factors were involved in studying the factors affecting the formation of resilient school. The most important factors of the school were the effective relationship teacher- students, physical space, appropriate psychosocial atmosphere and social support.


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