Application of cognitive science in management (A meta-synthesis study)

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Educational Administration and planning, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


This study aimed to study the application of cognitive science in management. The research method was qualitative and meta-synthesis. The research population comprises all of the more than 2000 scientific-technical documents found in 8 internal scientific databases and 10 external scientific databases. Out of these articles, after subject review, abstracts and contents were finally selected and analyzed for 63 articles. Open coding analysis method was used in two levels of concepts and categories for qualitative analysis. Based on the analysis, three groups of applications of cognitive science in management were identified, each of which included subdivisions. The first group is the application of cognitive science to management functions including leadership, decision making, planning, supervision and cognitive control. The second group has been applying the cognitive sciences in various management styles including neuro-leadership, rational-brain leadership, wise and self-directed leadership and self-management. The third group deals with the application of cognitive science in various areas of management including cognitive management and cognitive business management.


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