The Mediating Role of Thinking Styles in the Relationship between Intelligence and Creativity

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Psychology , Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Psychology. payame Noor University, Employee of University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, university of tehran, Tehran, Iran


The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of thinking styles in the relationship between intelligence and creativity in 12-to-16-year-old male and female students using descriptive-correlational and multiple regression analyses. The statistical population included all male and female students aged 12-16 years old in the 12th district of Tehran during the second semester of 1396-97. At the end of sampling process, 200 students were selected. The measurement tools were Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT), and Thinking Styles Inventory (TSI).  Data analysis was performed using Multiple Regression. 21-SPSS software were used for data analysis. The results showed the positive effect of intelligence in predicting creativity (0.142), and the negative role of legislative thinking (-0.145) and judgment (-0.165). According to the results, there was no mediating role for legislative and judiciary thinking; however, executive thinking mediated the relationship between intelligence and creativity (0.165).


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