The Effectiveness of Virtual Group Training of the Needs Support Intervention Program on the Satisfaction of Basic Psychological Needs and Employee Well-Being

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Psychology Faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz,, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Department of Educational Science, Educational Science and Psychology Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of the Needs Support Intervention Program's virtual group training on employee satisfaction and well-being with their basic psychological needs. The research method is applied in relation to the purpose and the research design is a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test with a control group. The statistical population of the study comprises all employees and their immediate supervisors in Maroon Oil and Gas Producing Company in 2020. From this population, 30 supervisors were selected through purposive sampling and randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group (15 individuals in each group). Of the employees in each supervisor group, 2 to 3 individuals (83 in total; 81 men and 2 women) were selected through simple random sampling to study the effect of the intervention. The instrument of the study includes Tafvelin and Stenling's Needs Satisfaction at Workplace Scale (NSa- WS) and Zheng et al.'s Employee Well-Being Scale (EWB). The intervention includes the Needs Support Intervention Program training in eight 90-minute sessions. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance in SPSS-24 software. The results showed that Needs Support Intervention Program training had a significant effect on satisfying the needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness, as well as on increasing the well-being of employees (p<0.05). According to the results of this study, teaching the Needs Support Intervention Program is an effective intervention that organizations can use to improve employees' well-being and meet their psychological needs.


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