The Relationship between Psychological and Social Capital and Types of Well Being: Mediating Role of the Meaning of Life

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of fan, Tehran, Iran.


This paper was to investigate the mediating role of the meaning of life in relation to psychological capital and social capital with types of well-being. The descriptive research method was correlational and applied in terms of purpose. The statistical population was made up of all the students of the Islamic Azad University of Qom in the second semester of the academic year 2021-2022, from which available 234 male and female students (with an average age of 24.47 and a standard deviation of 7.189) of various faculties. The tools of the current research included the Onyx and Bullen Social Capital Questionnaire (SCQ), Luthans Psychological Capital (PCQ), Keys Comprehensive Well-being Scale (CSM), and Schnell’s Sources of Meaning in Life (SoMe). The data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling method and AMOS-24 software. The results showed that the initial hypothetical model had a good fit with the observed data. The findings of the research demonstrated that psychological capital and social capital had a significant positive relationship through meaningfulness of life with types of well-being, and also psychological capital has a significant negative relationship through meaning crisis with types of well-being, but it was not detected for social capital with types of well-being the mediator of meaning crisis. Considering the importance of constructs such as psychological capital, social capital, meaningfulness of life and crisis of meaning in the types of well-being of people in the society, planning should be done to optimize these dimensions.


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