The Effectiveness of Independent Learning on Academic Achievement, Academic Self Efficacy, and Test Anxiety in Seventh Grade Female Student in Isfahan City

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.A of Clinical Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad ,Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad ,Iran


This study aimed to examine the efficacy of the Independent Learning program (IL) on academic achievement, academic self-efficacy, and test anxiety of female students in seventh grade in Isfahan.The research method was quasi-experimental using pre-test, post-test, and control group .In order to choose a sample, among all schools of 5 regions, 4 schools, 30 students selected who met the inclusion criteria. They were randomly assigned to two groups of experimental (15 students) and control (15 students). In addition to academic Self-efficacy Test (ASES) and Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI), the Achievement and Motivation test of Herman (A.M.T), and Raven intelligence test (APM), were used in this research. Students in the experimental group received Independent Learning program in 10 ninety-minute sessions. Independent Learning program is based on Harvey and Chickie-Wolfe's book (2007) translated by Abedi and Azimifar (1393). The Results The results of the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) showed that Independent Learning program significantly increased students’ academic self-efficacy and their average academic achievement in natural science, Farsi literature, and social science; but had no effect on their test anxiety and mathematics scores.


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