Development of a Wise Parenting Package Based on the Teachings of Imam Ali and Evaluation of its Effect on the Parent-Child Relationship and Symptoms of Internalized Behavior Problems in Female Children

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University Najafabad, Najafabad, Iran

2 Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, Faculty ofEducational Sciences and Psychology . Esfahan University, Esfahan, Iran


The present study is an attempt to develop a wise parenting package based on the teachings of Imam Ali and evaluate its effect on parent-child relationship and symptoms of internalized behavior problems in preschool girls. The study falls under the category of hybrid heuristic research studies. The population of the study consists of two valuable books in the qualitative phase, namely Nahj al-Balaghah and Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim. The purposive sampling method was used to select the sample. Two components, namely wisdom and parenting were extracted and coded using qualitative thematic analysis methods. Finally, a wise parenting package was formulated based on the teachings of Imam Ali in 12 sessions. The validity of the package was calculated using Fleiss' kappa method (0.84). In the quantitative phase, the research fell into the category of experimental studies with control group and pretest/posttest design. The population consisted of the parents of female preschoolers  in Isfahan during the academic year 2017-2018. According to the inclusion criteria, 30 subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental group (receiving training with Wise Parenting Package) and a control group (without intervention) (15 subjects in each group). Data collection instruments included the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Pianta’s Child-Parent Relationship Scale (CPRS). The MANCOVA results in SPSS-25 showed a significant difference between the parent-child relationship subscales (intimacy and conflict) and the behavior problems subscales (anxiety and depression) in the control group. However, no significant difference was found between dependence and physical complaints in the control group. It is recommended that this package be used to further improve health and conflict among family members.


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