بهبود توجه انتخابی افراد سالم با استفاده از تحریک مغناطیسی فراجمجمه ای مکرر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تهران،

2 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تهران

3 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تهران،

چکیده

هدف از مطالعه حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی تحریک مغناطیسی فراجمجمه­ای مکرر (rtms) مغز بر عملکرد افراد سالم در اجرای تکلیف استروپ بود. بدین منظور 30 نفر (25 زن، 5 مرد) آزمودنی راست­دست سالم با استفاده از پرسشنامه دست­برتری ادینبورگ (EHI) و پرسشنامه سلامت عمومی (GHQ-12) انتخاب گردید. آزمودنی‌ها یک جلسه تحریک مغناطیسی فراجمجمه­ای مکرر را بر روی ناحیه خلفی­جانبی پیش­پیشانی چپ دریافت نموده و تکلیف رنگ-واژه استروپ (SCWT) را قبل و بعد از تحریک انجام دادند. یافته­ها نشان داد که در گروه فعال نسبت به گروه خاموش زمان پاسخ افراد به محرک­های هم­خوان به طور معناداری بهبود یافته است. در خصوص محرک­های ناهم­خوان تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد. یافته­های این پژوهش علاوه بر این که مؤید نقش ناحیه خلفی­جانبی پیش­پیشانی چپ در کنترل توجه بالا به پایین بود، نشان داد که تحریک مغناطیسی فراجمجمه­ای مکرر مغز با فرکانس بالا در ناحیه خلفی­جانبی پیش­پیشانی چپ می­تواند اثرات مثبتی بر توجه انتخابی افراد بر جای بگذارد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Improvement of Selective Attention Using rTMS in Healthy Individuals

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fahimeh Sadat Hosseini Baharanchi 1
  • Reza Rostami 2
  • Hadi Bahrami Ehsan 3
1 Department of Psychology, , University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, faculty of psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran
3 Department of Psychology, faculty of psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

 
Previous research have shown that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) enhances individuals’ cognitive performance. Executive function, particularly selective attention, is one of the fundamental parts of cognitive performances. Neuro-imaging studies indicated proved the role of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in selective attention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rTMS on healthy individuals’ performance executing stroop task. Thirty healthy subjects received one session of high-frequency rTMS on their left DLPFC. They were instructed to perform stroop task before and after stimulation. The results showed that response time to congruent stimuli decreased significantly in active group. No significant change was observed in incongruent trials. The findings verified the role of left DLPFC on top-down attentional control. It could be concluded that administering rTMS on individuals’ left DLPFC can result in positive effect on selective attention.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)
  • Selective Attention
  • Stroop
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