طراحی و تعیین روایی محتوایی و صوری مقیاس هوش معنوی در دانشجویان ایرانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 تهران، خیابان‌ جلال‌ آل‌ احمد، روبروی‌ کوی‌ نصر، خیابان دکتر کاردان، دانشکده‌ روانشناسی‌ و علوم‌ تربیتی‌ دانشگاه‌ تهران

2 عضو هیات علمی و استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ارومیه

3 عضو هیات علمی و استاد دانشگاه تهران

4 عضو هیات علمی و استاد دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

5 دانشجوی دکتری سنجش و اندازه گیری دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

6 دکترای روان شناس

7 عضو هیات علمی و دانشیار دانشگاه خوارزمی

8 دانشجوی دکتری

9 کارشناسی ارشد

چکیده

از هوش معنوی به‌عنوان ظرفیت‎ها و منابع معنوی برای تصمیم‎گیری‎ها و حل‎ مسائل وجودی روزانه استفاده می‌شود. برای اندازه‎گیری هوش معنوی، آزمونی روا و پایا و منطبق بر آموزه‎های دین اسلام وجود ندارد. این مطالعه تعریف و تعیین ابعاد هوش معنوی و بررسی روایی محتوایی و صوری مقیاس آن در جامعۀ دانشجویی است. مطالعه به صورت کمی و کیفی، و با مروری جامع بر ابزارهای هوش معنوی و مصاحبه با 67 دانشجوی کارشناسی انجام گرفت. طبق نتایج هوش معنوی به‌صورت «فرایند جست‌وجوی معنای وجودی، درک مسائل معنوی، فهم نمادها و مناسک دینی، توانایی استفاده بهینه از منابع معنوی برای حل مشکلات و سازگاری با محیط» تعریف شده و ابعاد سه‌گانه آن مشخص شد. 106 گویه مقیاس از ابزارهای موجود و 42 گویه آن از مصاحبه به‌دست آمد. این مقیاس مبتنی بر زمینه دینی و فرهنگی جامعه دانشجویی ایران بوده و می‌تواند با روایی محتوایی و روایی صوری خوب و قابل قبول برای سنجش سازه هوش معنوی در جامعه دانشجویی استفاده شود. برای جلوگیری از خستگی و کمک به افزایش دقت پاسخ‌دهندگان و ازدیاد روایی مقیاس، تهیه و تدوین فرم کوتاه‌ مقیاس پیشنهاد می‎شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Development and Determination of Content and Face Validity of Spiritual Intelligence Scale in Iranian Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Khodayarifard 1
  • Abdolah Khorami Markani 2
  • Bagher Ghobari Bonab 3
  • Faramarz Sohrabi 4
  • Enayatollah Zamanpour 5
  • Roya Raghebian 6
  • Gholamali Afrouz 3
  • Valiollah Farzad 7
  • Nasrin Mahmudi 8
  • Behnoosh Zeinali Zadeh 8
  • Narges Tankemani 9
چکیده [English]

People use spiritual intelligence as spiritual capacities and resources for vital decision making and critical thinking in existential subjects or trying to solve daily problems. There is not a valid and reliable scale in this area which is developed based on Islamic conceptualization. The aim of this study was defining spiritual intelligence, determining domains of it, and developing items and testing content and face validities among college students. This study was done in a quantitative and qualitative approach by having a comprehensive overview of the tools of spiritual intelligence and interviewing 67 Bachelor’s students.  According to the results, spiritual intelligence was defined as a process of search for existential being, comprehending spiritual problems, understanding the meaning of religious symbols and rituals, the ability of exhausting spiritual resources for solving problems and adaptation with the environment. In addition, the dimensions of spiritual intelligence were clarified. In the next step 106 statements have been extracted from the existing measures, and 42 statements were generated using semi structured interviews. Data indicate this scale can reliability assess spiritual intelligence in college students. Preparing a shorter form is suggested to reduce the time strain, and enhancing its applicability in spiritual as well as psychological research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Intelligence
  • Spirituality
  • spiritual intelligence
  • Validity
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