مقایسۀ خودبرتربینی اخلاقی در دو حوزۀ انجام دادن رفتارهای اخلاقی و انجام ندادن رفتارهای غیراخلاقی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه روان شناسی، واحد بویین زهرا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بویین زهرا، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسۀ خودبرتربینی اخلاقی از نظر انجام دادن کارهای خوب با خودبرتر­­بینی اخلاقی از نظر انجام ندادن کارهای بد بود. خودبرتربینی اخلاقی دو شکل دارد: 1- باور به این که «من بیشتر از دیگران کارهای خوب انجام می­دهم»،، 2- باور به این که «من کمتر از دیگران کارهای بد انجام می­دهم»، و شدت خود­برتربینی اخلاقی در این دو حوزه می­تواند متفاوت باشد. طرح پژوهش حاضر آزمایشی و درون-آزمودنی و جامعۀ پژوهش دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد بویین ­زهرا در سال تحصیلی 96-95 (پنج هزار نفر) بودند که با روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی، 73 نفر از آنها گزینش شدند. ابزار پژوهش یک مقیاس محقق­ساخته بود که در آن از آزمودنی­ها خواسته می­شد که مشخص کنند آنها بیشتر احتمال دارد هفت کار اخلاقی و هفت کار غیراخلاقی را انجام دهند یا دیگران. آزمون t تک­نمونه­ای نشان داد که وقتی آزمودنی­ها با رفتارهای غیراخلاقی روبرو می­شوند، اعلام می­­­کنند که آنها کمتر از دیگران احتمال دارد که آن رفتارها را انجام دهند (خودبرتربین هستند)، اما وقتی با رفتارهای اخلاقی روبرو می­شوند اعلام نمی­کنند که آنها بیشتر از دیگران احتمال دارد که آن رفتار را انجام دهند (خودبرتربین نیستند).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing ethical self-superiority in the fields of doing ethical behaviors and not doing unethical behaviors

نویسنده [English]

  • Ebrahim Ahmadi
Department of Psychology, Buinzahra Branch, Islamic Azad University, Buinzahra, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to compare the ethical self-superiority in terms of doing good deeds and in terms of not doing bad deeds. moral self-superiority has two forms: (1) the belief that "I do good things more than others", and (2) the belief that "I do bad things less than others", and the intensity of moral self-superiority can be different in these two areas. The research design was experimental and within-subjects and the research population were students of Islamic Azad University of Buin Zahra in 2016-17 academic year (N=5000) among which 73 were selected using random sampling. The research tool was a researcher-made scale in which the subjects were asked to determine whether they or others are more likely to do seven moral and immoral behaviors. One-sample t-test showed that when the subjects are confronted with unethical behaviors, they confirm that they are less likely than others to perform the behaviors (self-superiority), but when they encounter ethical behaviors, they do not announce that they are more likely than others to perform the behaviors (do not have self-superiority).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • self-evaluation
  • self-esteem
  • moral self-superiority
  • social cognition
  • moral psychology
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