مدل یابی علی پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش آموزان بر اساس اهداف پیشرفت و هیجان های تحصیلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی.دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی. دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی. دانشگاه بیرجند

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر ارائه مدل علی پیشرفت تحصیلی بر حسب اهداف پیشرفت و هیجان­های تحصیلی بود. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی دانش­آموزان پایه دوم دبیرستان شهر نیشابور بود.   نمونه­ای به حجم 416 نفر (198 دختر و 218 پسر)، با روش نمونه­گیری جند مرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. اطلاعات با استفاده از پرسشنامه هیجان­های تحصیلی (پکران و همکاران، 2005)، مقیاس الگوهای یادگیری سازگار (میگلی و همکاران، 2000) و میانگین نمرات دانش­آموزان، گردآوری شد. روش تحلیل مسیر حاکی از برازش خوب مدل بود و نشان داد که اهداف تبحری و اهداف رویکرد-عملکرد با واسطه­گری هیجان­های مثبت اثرات غیر مستقیم معنادار بر پیشرفت تحصیلی دارد و اهداف اجتناب-عملکرد تنها از طریق هیجان­های منفی اثرات غیر مستقیم منفی و معنادار بر پیشرفت دارد. به‌طورکلی به نظر می­رسد که افراد با اهداف تبحری، اضطراب و هیجان­های منفی کمتری در موقعیت­های چالش­برانگیز تجربه می­کنند که این بر عملکرد تحصیلی نیز تأثیرات مثبتی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Causal modeling of student's academic achievement Based on achievement goals and achievement emotions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Samadieh 1
  • Masoud Gholamali Lavasani 2
  • Ahmad Khamesan 3
چکیده [English]

The aim of present research was presenting the causal model of student’s academic achievement based on achievement goals and achievement emotions. The statistical population consists of all students’ second grade high school in Neyshabour. The sample was 416 students (198girls and 218boys) that were selected through multi-stage sampling method. The data collected by Achievement Emotions Questionnaire (Pekrun et al, 2005), Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scale (Midgley et al, 2000) and student’s grade-point average. The Path Analysis method indicated a good fitness for the model and indicated that mastery and performance-approach goals have Indirect significant effects on academic achievement by the mediation of positive emotions and the performance-avoidance goals have indirect negative and significant effects on achievement only through negative emotions. On the whole, it seems that mastery-oriented students experience less anxiety and negative emotions in challenging situations that has positive effect on academic performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • achievement goals
  • academic achievement
  • achievement emotions

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