ویژگی های روانسنجی نسخه دوم مقیاس های سنجش هوش رینولدز در دانش آموزان سمپاد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری تخصصی روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اسلامشهر

3 اﺳﺘﺎدﯾﺎر داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﯽ واﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻮم و ﺗﺤﻘﯿﻘﺎت

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر ویژگی ­های روان­سنجی نسخه دوم مقیاس­ های سنجش هوش رینولدز در دانش ­آموزان سمپاد استان تهران (سال تحصیلی 97-96) بود تا از این طریق بتوان ابزاری استاندارد را برای سنجش کودکان و نوجوانان تیزهوش فراهم ساخت. پس از فرایند انطباق­ یابی و تحلیل­ های روان­سنجی در زمینه نسخه مقدماتی با حجم نمونه 30 نفر، بازنگری انجام گرفت و نسخه آزمایشی تدوین شد. تحلیل­ های مرتبط با شاخص دشواری، شاخص تمیز و دیگر ویژگی­ های روان­سنجی با حجم نمونه 120 نفر انجام گرفت و موجبات تدوین نسخه استاندارد فراهم شد. فرایند اجرای نهایی با حجم نمونه 704 نفر پیرامون شناسایی ویژگی­ های روان­سنجی انجام گرفت و مشخص شد که تمامی سؤالات از شاخص دشواری و تمیز مناسب برخوردار بوده و با استناد به روش آلفا کرانباخ در حیطه ضریب تجانس درونی و شیوه آزمون- بازآزمون با استناد به ضریب ثبات مشخص گردید که ضرایب اعتبار فراتر از 80/0 بوده و ابزار مزبور دارای تجانس درونی و ثبات است. همچنین، با استناد به ملاک (نسخه نوین هوش ­آزمای تهران- استانفورد- بینه) مشخص شد که ابزار دارای روایی ملاکی  است. با استناد به ویژگی­ های مطلوب روانسنجی و قابلیت ­های اجرایی در زمان کوتاه می­ توان از مقیاس مزبور در راستای سنجش نیمرخ هوشی دانش ­آموزان تیزهوش استفاده نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Psychometric Properties of Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales, Second Edition in student’s Sampad

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyed ali Hashemi 1
  • Kambiz Kamkari 2
  • Shohreh Shokrzadeh 3
1 Master of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. in Psychology and Exceptional Children Education, Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr Branch
3 Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to Psychometric Properties the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales, Second Edition in students of Tehran's Sampad School in the academic year of 2017-2018, which provided a standard tool for measuring gifted children and adolescents. after the adaptation process and psychometric analyzes in the context of the Pilot version with a sample size of 30 students, a review was carried out and a Try-Out Edition version was developed. The analyzes related to the index of difficulty, clean index and other psychometric properties were carried out with a sample size of 120 students and resulted in the development of a standard version. In line with the standardization process with a sample size of 704,it was found that all questions had a suitable difficulty index and they were identified by Cronbach's alpha in terms of internal consistency coefficient and test-retest method based on stability coefficient. The coefficients of credit are more than 80%, and the tool has internal consistency and stability. Also, according to the criteria of the new version of the Tehran-Stanford-Binet Investigations Exploration, it was determined that the instrument has a criterion validity Using the recommended psychometric properties and executive capabilities in a short time, the scale can be used to measure the intelligence profile of gifted students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychometric Properties
  • Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales
  • Second Edition
  • Sampad school
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