طراحی مدل کاهش ضایعات برنامه درسی در آموزش های فنی و حرفه ای

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه ریزی درسی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار گروه گروه روش ها و برنامه های آموزشی و درسی دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران ، تهران ، ایران

3 استادیار گروه گروه روش ها و برنامه های آموزشی و درسی دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران ، تهران ، ایران

4 ااستادیار گروه گروه روش ها و برنامه های آموزشی و درسی دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران ، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

برنامه درسی نامطلوب، زمینه پرورش افراد با صلاحیت‌های پایین را فراهم می‌آورد. این نتیجه را می‌توان در قالب مفهوم ضایعات برنامه درسی تبیین نمود. به عبارتی ضایعات برنامه درسی را می­ توان نتیجه اجرای نامطلوب یکی از مراحل طراحی، اجرا و ارزشیابی در برنامه درسی دانست که منجر به هدررفت سرمایه آموزش می­ شود. پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارائه مدل کاهش ضایعات برنامه درسی در آموزش ­های فنی و حرفه‌ای انجام شده است. بدین‌منظور مبتنی بر رویکرد پژوهش‌ کیفی و روش پدیدارشناسی توصیفی، داده‌های مورد نیاز گردآوری گردید. میدان پژوهش شامل تمامی متخصصان و خبرگان حوزه آموزش‌های فنی و حرفه‌ای و متخصصان حوزه برنامه‌ریزی درسی بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از نوع ملاکی، انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از مصاحبه‌ نیمه‌ساختارمند گردآوری گردید. گردآوری داده‌ها در بیست ‌و ‌یکمین مصاحبه به اشباع نظری داده‌ها منتج، و در همین مرحله مصاحبه‌ها متوقف گردید. تحلیل داده‌ها بر اساس دیدگاه آترائید و استرلینگ (2001) به روش تحلیل مضمون انجام شد. نتایج به شناسایی 147 مضمون پایه، 19 مضمون سازمان ­دهنده و 6 مضمون فراگیر شامل ماهیت غیرمنعطف، نیازسنجی معیوب، انقباض در روش، هزینه‌های بازگشت، نیروی انسانی ناکارآمد و محیط نامناسب یادگیری، منتج گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a Model for Reducing Curriculum Waste in Technical and Vocational Education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rezaali Tarkhan 1
  • Rezvan Hakimzadeh 2
  • Marzieh Dehghani 3
  • Keyvan Salehi 4
چکیده [English]

The undesirable curriculum provides a field for the development of low-qualified individuals. This result can be explained in the context of the concept of curriculum waste. In other words, the waste of the curriculum can be considered as the result of an unsatisfactory implementation of one of the design, implementation, and evaluation phases of the curriculum, which led to the loss of investment capital. The purpose of this study was to Presentation of a Pattern for Reducing Curriculum Waste in technical and vocational training. To this end, the required data were collected based on the qualitative research approach and descriptive phenomenological method. The research field was comprised of all experts and experts in the field of technical and vocational education and curriculum specialists who were selected by targeted sampling method. The research tool was a semi-structured interview and for analysis of data, thematic network analysis was used. The data collection in the twenty-first interview resulted in a theoretical saturation of the data, and during this phase the interviews were stopped. Data analysis was carried out according to A trade and Sterling (2001). The results resulted in identifying 147 basic themes, 91 organizing themes and 6 inclusive themes including non-specific nature, defective measurement and contraction in the method, return costs, inefficient manpower and inadequate learning environment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • curriculum Waste
  • Technical and Vocational Training
  • Defective needs assessment
  • Inefficient manpower and inadequate learning environment
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