تأثیر تمرین مهارت‌های روانشناختی بر استحکام ذهنی دوندگان سرعت نخبه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ئرزشی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

استحکام ذهنی اغلب اساسی برای اجرای ورزشی در سطح بالا مطرح شده است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر بخشی یک دوره تمرین مهارت‌های روانشناختی بر استحکام ذهنی در دوندگان سرعت نخبه بود. پژوهش حاضر، نیمه تجربی و با استفاده از طرح پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون با گروه تجربی و کنترل انجام‌شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل تمام دوندگان ­سرعت نخبه استان خوزستان با دامنه سنی 18 تا 29 سال بود که 30 دونده­ سرعت نخبه به طور تصادفی در گروه تجربی و کنترل (هر گروه 15 نفر) قرارگرفتند. جهت سنجش استحکام ذهنی از پرسشنامه استحکام ذهنی ورزشی استفاده شده است. داده ها از طریق نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 20 تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج آزمون آماری تحلیل کوواریانس، افزایش معناداری را در استحکام ذهنی و خرده مقیاس های اطمینان، پایداری و کنترل پس از هشت هفته تمرین مهارت‌های روانشناختی گروه تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل نشان داد. نتایج پژوهش حاضر بیانگر اثر بخشی تمرین مهارت‌های روانشناختی بر رشد و بهبود استحکام ذهنی در ورزشکاران بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Psychological Skills Training On Mental Toughness In Elite Sprinters

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolah Taheri Naiyam 1
  • Hasan GHarayagh zandi 2
  • Mohammad Khabiri 3
1 Sport Psychology, Faculty Of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Univercity Of Tehran
2 Sport Psychology, Faculty Of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Univercity Of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Mental toughness Often considered fundamental for high level sporting performance. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of 8-week psychological skills training on mental toughness in elite sprinters. This study was a quasi-experimental study by pretest-posttest design with a control group. Statistical group comprised all men sprinters with an age range of 18-29 years in Khuzestan Province. To do this test, 30 male elite sprinters were randomly allocated into experimental and control groups(15 in each). We used Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ(. The results were analyzed with SPSS 20. The findings showed significant development in mental toughness and confidence, constancy and control subscales, in experimental group to comparison with the control group after 8 weeks of psychological skills training The results of this study showed the effectiveness of psychological skills training on growth and improvement of mental toughness in athletes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Skills
  • Mental Toughness
  • Sprinter
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