ساختار عاملی و تغییرناپذیری جنسیتی مقیاس سرزندگی ذهنی در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی ‌دکتری ‌روانشناسی تربیتی، گروه روانشناسی مشاوره و تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، گروه روانشناسی مشاوره و تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی مشاوره و تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد. مشهد. ایران

4 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی ویژگی ‌های روان‌ سنجی مقیاس سرزندگی ذهنی در دانشجویان بود. طرح پژوهش از نوع همبستگی بوده، و جامعه آماری آن را دانشجویان دانشگاه شهید بهشتی و علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی تشکیل می‌داد. دو گروه نمونه 247 و 239 نفره از این دانشجویان به شیوه نمونه ­گیری چندمرحله ‌ای انتخاب شدند و مقیاس سرزندگی ذهنی (رایان و فردریک،1997) و پرسشنامه شادکامی آکسفورد (هیلز و آرگایل،2002) را تکمیل کردند. همسانی درونی، روایی عاملی اکتشافی، تاییدی، همگرا و ملاکی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که مقیاس سرزندگی ذهنی، ساختاری یک عاملی با واریانس تبیین شده 47/59 درصد دارد. روایی عاملی تاییدی و تغییرناپذیری جنسیتی نیز به تایید رسید. ضرایب آلفای کرونباخ و دو نیمه کردن 88/0 و 85/0 بود. برحسب سن، وضعیت تاهل، مقطع و گروه تحصیلی تفاوت معناداری در مقیاس ‌ها به دست نیامد. روایی همگرای مقیاس‌ ها در ارتباط با ابعاد شادکامی به تایید رسید. به نظر می ‌رسد، مقیاس سرزندگی ذهنی در دانشجویان از اعتبار و روایی مناسبی برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factor Structure and Gender Invariance of Subjective Vitality Scale in students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farhad Tanhaye Reshvanloo 1
  • raziye keramati 2
  • Hossein kareshki 3
  • Marziye Torkamani 4
1 Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Educational sciences and psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Educational sciences and psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Educational sciences and psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
4 Department of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Birjand, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of present study was to investigate the psychometric properties of subjective vitality scale in students. The research design was correlational and the statistical population consisted of students of Shahid Beheshti University and Shahid Beheshti Medical Sciences university of Tehran. Two sample groups including  247(sample 1) and 239(sample 2) students were selected through multi-stage sampling and completed Subjective Vitality scale( Ryan & Frederick, 1997) and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire( Hills & Argyle, 2002). Internal consistency, exploratory and confirmatory, convergent and criterion validity were analyzed. Results showed that subjective vitality scale show the structure of an agent with explained variance of 59.47%. Confirmatory validity and gender invariance was confirmed. Cronbach's alpha and split half coefficients for the scale were 0.88 and 0.85. There were no significant differences in scale according to age, marital status,  and field of study. Convergent validity was also confirmed in relation to the dimensions of happiness. It seems that the subjective vitality scales, has a good reliability and validity in students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Subjective validity
  • Happiness
  • Factor Structure
  • Invariance

Abolghasemi, F. (2003). Psychometric characteristics of positive and negative affect and relationships with subjective health and vitality in Isfahan University students. Unpublished Dissertation, Isfahan University (Persian).

Akin, U., Akin, A., & Uğur, E. (2016). Mediating role of mindfulness on the associations of friendship quality and subjective vitality. Psychological reports, 119(2), 516-526.

Arabzadeh, M. (2017). Relationship between Basic Psychological Needs and Mental Vitality in the Elderly. Iranian Journal of Aging (Salmand), 12 (2), 170-179 (Persian).

Behzadnia, B., Ahmadi, M., & Keshtidar, M. (2013). The Relationship between Perceptions of Parent Autonomy-Supportive with Indices of Well-being in Athlete Male Students: A Self-Determination Theory Approach. Research on University Sports, 1(3), 93-108 (Persian).

Bostic, T. J., Rubio, D. M., & Hood, M. (2000). A validation of the subjective vitality scale using structural equation modeling. Social Indicators Research, 52(3), 313-324.

Brown, T. (2006). CFA with equality constraints, multiple groups, and mean structures. In T. Brown (Ed.), Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research (pp.236-319). New York, NY: Guildford Press.

Castillo, I., Tomás, I., & Balaguer, I. (2017). The Spanish-Version of the Subjective Vitality Scale: Psychometric Properties and Evidence of Validity. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 20, 26.

Cheval, B., Chalabaev, A., Quested, E., Courvoisier, D. S., & Sarrazin, P. (2017). How perceived autonomy support and controlling coach behaviors are related to well-and ill-being in elite soccer players: A within-person changes and between-person differences analysis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 28, 68-77.

Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological bulletin, 112(1), 155-159.

Cordeiro, P., Paixão, P., Lens, W., Lacante, M., & Sheldon, K. (2016). Factor structure and dimensionality of the balanced measure of psychological needs among Portuguese high school students. Relations to well-being and ill-being. Learning and Individual Differences, 47, 51-60.

Couto, N., Antunes, R., Monteiro, D., Moutão, J., Marinho, D., & Cid, L. (2017). Validation of the Subjective Vitality Scale and study of the vitality of elderly people according to their physical activity. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano, 19(3), 261-269.

DeHaan, C. R., Hirai, T., & Ryan, R. M. (2016). Nussbaum’s capabilities and self-determination theory’s basic psychological needs: Relating some fundamentals of human wellness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 17(5), 2037-2049.

Deniz, M. E., & Satici, S. A. (2017). The Relationships between Big Five Personality Traits and Subjective Vitality. Anales de Psicología/Annals of Psychology, 33(2), 218-224.

Diener, E. (2009). Subjective well-being. In The science of well-being (pp. 11-58). Springer Netherlands.

Dolatshahee, B., Yaghubi, H., Riazi, S. A., Peyravi, H., Hassan Abadi, H. R., Poursharifi, H.,  … et al. (2016). Construction and Validation of “National Scale of Students Life Profile”: A Preliminary Study. Applied Psychological Research Quarterly, 7(3), 115-125 (Persian).

Fayad, Y. I., & Kazarian, S. S. (2013). Subjective vitality of Lebanese adults in Lebanon: Validation of the Arabic version of the subjective vitality scale. Social indicators research, 114(2), 465-478.

Ghorbani, N., Watson, P. J., & Hargis, M. B. (2008). Integrative Self-Knowledge Scale: Correlations and incremental validity of a cross-cultural measure developed in Iran and the United States. The Journal of Psychology, 142(4), 395-412.

Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: A compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Personality and individual differences, 33(7), 1073-1082.

Javanmard, S., Oreyzi, H., & Nouri, A. (2014). Structural Equation modeling for Explaining the Relationship of Subjective Well-Being, Personality and Work-Family Conflict. Research in Psychological health, 8(2), 11-20 (Persian).

Ju, H. (2017). The relationship between physical activity, meaning in life, and subjective vitality in community-dwelling older adults. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 73, 120-124.

Kawabata, M., Yamazaki, F., Guo, D. W., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. D. (2016). Advancement of the Subjective Vitality Scale: examination of alternative measurement models for Japanese and Singaporeans. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 22, 1-8.

Keshavarz, A., Molavi, H., & Kalantari, M. (2009). The relationship between vitality and demographic variables with happiness in Isfahan population. Psychological Studies, 4(4), 45-64 (Persian).

Khodayari Fard, M., Ghobari Bonab, B., Akbari Zardkhaneh, S., Zamonpour, E. A., Derakhshan, M., & Musavi,  S. A. (2015). Iranian Positive Thinking Scale (IPTS): Development and Standardization. Applied Psychological Research Quarterly, 5(4), 103-130 (Persian).

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement, 30(3), 607-610.

Legault, L., Ray, K., Hudgins, A., Pelosi, M., & Shannon, W. (2017). Assisted versus asserted autonomy satisfaction: Their unique associations with wellbeing, integration of experience, and conflict negotiation. Motivation and Emotion, 41(1), 1-21.

Najafi, M., Dehshiri, G., Dabiri, S., Sheikhi, M., & Jafari, N. (2013). Psychometric properties of Farsi version of the Oxford happiness questionnaire among college students. Training Measurement, 10(3), 55-73 (Persian).

Oreyzi, H. R.,  Noori, A., & Shooshtari, F. (2008). Relationship of Noise Perception with Vitality. Advances in Cognitive Science, 9(4), 66-70 (Persian).

Reinboth, M., & Duda, J. L. (2016). Effects of competitive environment and outcome on achievement behaviors and well-being while engaged in a physical task. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 5(4), 324-336.

Rezaee, Z., Esmaeili, M., & Tabaeian, S. R. (2016).The Influence of Group Training of Health Promoting Life Style on the Vitality, Pleasure and Social Adjustment of women with Type II Diabetic in Isfahan city. Jundishapur Scientific Medical Journal, 15(5), 581-590 (Persian).

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. (2014). Self-determination theory. In Encyclopedia of quality of life and well-being research (pp. 5755-5760). Springer Netherlands.

Ryan, R. M., & Frederick, C. (1997). On energy, personality, and health: Subjective vitality as a dynamic reflection of well-being. Journal of personality, 65(3), 529-565.

Salama-Younes, M. (2011). Positive mental health, subjective vitality and satisfaction with life for French physical education students. World Journal of Sport Sciences, 4(2), 90-97.

Sarafraz, M. R., Ghorbani, N., Javaheri, A. (2013). Self-Control: Unidimensional or Multidimensional Capacity? Distinction between the Inhibitory and Initiatory Facets among students of Tehran University. Journal of Research in Psychological health, 6 (4), 69-75 (Persian).

Saricam, H. (2015). Mediating Role of Self Efficacy on the Relationship between Subjective Vitality and School Burnout in Turkish Adolescents. International Journal of Educational Researchers, 6(1), 1-12.

Sariçam, H. (2016). Examining the Relationship between Self-rumination and Happiness: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Subjective Vitality. Universitas Psychologica, 15(2), 383-396.

Sharifi, HP., & Sharifi, N. (2015). Principles of Psychometrics and Psychosis (New Edition), Roshd: Tehran (Persian).

SheikhiFini, A. A., Kavousian, J., Beigy, A., & Emami, M. (2010). Subjective vitality and its anticipating variables on students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 150-156.

Soltani, F., Parsa, P., Ghelichkhani, S., & Roshanaei, G. (2017). Effect of Relaxation Exercises on Vitality of Primigravida Women Attending Prenatal Clinics in Toyserkan, Hamadan. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, 25(3), 50-61 (Persian).

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidel, L. S. (2015). Using Multivariate Statistics.,(Baloğlu, M., Çev. Ed.). Ankara: Nobel Yayıncılık.

Visser, P. L., Hirsch, J. K., Brown, K. W., Ryan, R., & Moynihan, J. A. (2015). Components of sleep quality as mediators of the relation between mindfulness and subjective vitality among older adults. Mindfulness, 6(4), 723-731.