اثربخشی درمان شناختی- رفتاری فردی بر ترس از فرایند زایمان در زنان برونگرا و نوروزگرا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 داﻧﺸﺠﻮی دﮐﺘﺮی رواﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﯽ ,واﺣﺪ ﺳﻤﻨﺎن .داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﯽ,ﺳﻤﻨﺎن,اﯾﺮان

2 داﻧﺸﯿﺎر ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ. داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺳﻤﻨﺎن، ﺳﻤﻨﺎن، اﯾﺮان

3 اﺳﺘﺎدﯾﺎر ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ. واﺣﺪ ﺳﻤﻨﺎن، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﯽ، ﺳﻤﻨﺎن، اﯾﺮان

چکیده

ترس از زایمان را  امروزه یکی از مشکلات مهم دوران بارداری زنان قلمداد می­کنند. هدف این پژوهش بررسی تاثیر درمان شناختی- رفتاری بر ترس از فرایند زایمان با توجه به دو بعد شخصیتی نوروزگرایی و برون­گرایی در زنان باردار، و جامعه آماری شامل کلیه زنان باردار شهر تهران بود. با بهره­گیری از یک طرح آزمایشی کنترل­شده تصادفی نمونه­ای مشتمل بر 50 نفر از زنان باردار با روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب، و به گونه تصادفی به دو گروه 25 نفره گروه کنترل و گروه آزمایش تقسیم شدند. ابزار تحقیق شامل پرسشنامه­های علل ترس از زایمان و ترس از زایمان هارتمن بود. نتایج آزمون کوواریانس نشان داد که درمان شناختی-رفتاری موجب کاهش ترس از زایمان در زنان باردار در مقایسه با گروه کنترل شده است. نتایج  نشان می­دهد که مولفه درد بیشترین کاهش را داشته و مولفه زایمان زودرس کمترین کاهش داشته است. همچنین نتایج نشان داد درمان شناختی-رفتاری بر ویژگی­های شخصیتی (نوروزگرایی و برون­گرایی) تاثیری نداشته است. بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده، می­توان گفت که آموزش شناختی-رفتاری در دوران بارداری بر کاهش ترس از فرایند زایمان اثربخش است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of individual cognitive behavioral therapy on fear of delivery in Extroverted & Neuroticism women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gita Gerami 1
  • Shahrokh Makvand Hoseini 2
  • Mastooreh Sedaghat 3
  • Ameneh Moazedian 3
چکیده [English]

Fear of giving birth today is one of the important problems in women's pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy on the fear of delivery process considering the two personality dimensions of neuroticism and extroversion in pregnant women. The statistical population included all pregnant women in Tehran .Using a randomized controlled trial, a sample of 50 pregnant women were selected using available sampling method and randomly divided into two control and experimental groups each containing 25 persons. The research investment was the Hartmann fear of delivery Questionnaire , reasons of fear of delivery Questionnaire, and the NEO Personality Questionaire. questionnaires for fear of delivery and fear of delivery of Hartman. Data were extracted from questionnaires and analyzed by covariance analysis
.The results of covariance test showed that cognitive-behavioral therapy reduced the fear of delivery in pregnant women compared to the control group. The results showed that the pain component had the highest reduction and the premature delivery component had the least reduction. Also, the results showed that cognitive-behavioral therapy did not affect personality traits (neuroticism &extroversion). Based on the results, we can say that cognitive-behavioral education during pregnancy can be effective in reducing fear of delivery process.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • fear of delivery
  • neuroticism
  • extroversion
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