مقایسه ذهن خوانی از طریق چشم، توجه انتخابی و حافظه کاری در افراد مبتلا و غیر مبتلا به اسکلروز چندگانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روان شناسی، داشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی، دانشگاه الزهراء، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی بالینی دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران

3 داﻧﺸﯿﺎر ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ داﻧﺸﮑﺪه ﻋﻠﻮم ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺘﯽ و روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ. داﻧﺸﮕﺎه اﻟﺰﻫﺮا، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف مقایسه ذهن­خوانی از طریق چشم و کارکردهای اجرایی (توجه انتخابی و حافظه کاری) در افراد مبتلا و غیر مبتلا به اسکلروز چندگانه (ام اس) انجام شد. تعداد 40 بیمار مبتلا به ام اس جهت نمونه­گیری، به­صورت در دسترس انتخاب شدند و 40 نفر افراد غیرمبتلا به ام اس از نظر سن، جنسیت و تحصیلات با آنها همتا شدند. آزمون­های ذهن­خوانی از طریق چشم (بارون-کوهن و همکاران، 2001)، n تعداد به عقب (کرچنر، 1958) و استروپ (استروپ، 1935) برای بررسی ذهن­خوانی، حافظه کاری و توجه انتخابی در هر دو گروه اجرا شد. داده­های این پژوهش با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیره بررسی شد. یافته­ها نشان داد که تفاوت معناداری بین افراد مبتلا و غیر مبتلا به ام اس در ذهن­خوانی از طریق چشم، مولفه­های تعداد صحیح پاسخ و میانگین زمان پاسخ حافظه کاری و مولفه­های زمان آزمایش ناهمخوان و تعداد صحیح ناهمخوان توجه انتخابی وجود داشت. تأثیر فراگیر بیماری ام اس بر حیطه­های شناختی، اهمیت پرداختن به جنبه­های شناختی این بیماری و توسعه کاربست­های درمانی را برجسته می­سازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Reading the Mind in the Eyes, Selective Attention and Working Memory in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Non-Patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shaghayegh Zahraie 1
  • Bahareh Joz Ranjbar 2
  • Roshanak Khodabakhsh Pirkalani 3
1 Psychology department, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
2 M.S. in clinical psychology, Alzahra university, Tehran, Iran
3 Psychology department,, Faculty of education and psychology, Alzahra university, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to compare reading the mind in the eyes and executive functions (selective attention and working memory) in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and non-patients. Participants were included of 40 patients with MS and 40 non-patients that matched in ages, education and sex. Instruments including Reading mind in the eyes (Baron-Cohen and et., 2001), N back (Kirchner, 1958) and Stroop (Stroop, 1935) have been used to investigate reading the mind in the eyes, working memory and selective attention. MANOVA showed a significant difference between the patients and non-patients in the ‘reading the mind through the eyes’ test, the working memory components (the correct response and the mean of the response time) as well as the incongruent items as the components of selective attention. The comprehensive impact of MS disease on cognitive domains highlights the importance of addressing its cognitive aspects along with the development of effective therapeutic interventions. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • reading the mind in the eyes
  • Selective Attention
  • working memory
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