اثربخشی مشاوره گروهی مبتنی بر واقعیت درمانی بر میزان رضایت زناشویی و شادمانی زنان در دوران آشیانه خالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده دانشکده روانشناسی دانشگاه تهران.تهران.ایران

2 استادیار گروه مشاوره دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران

3 استادیار گروه مشاوره و روانشناسی تربیتی ، دانشکده‌ روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی مشاوره گروهی مبتنی بر واقعیت درمانی بر میزان رضایت زناشویی و شادمانی زنان در دوران آشیانه خالی انجام گرفت. این پژوهش به روش آزمایشی با طرح شبه آزمایشی از نوع پیش­آزمون، پس­آزمون همراه با گروه کنترل انجام شد. جامعه آماری عبارت بود از کلیه زنان مراجعه کننده به سرای محله باغ فردوس واقع در منطقه یک شهر تهران که در نیمه دوم سال 1396 و نیمه اول سال 1397 به سرای محله باغ فردوس مراجعه کرده بودند. نمونه شامل 30 نفر از افراد جامعه بودند که به­روش نمونه­گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند و به­صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (15 نفر) و کنترل (15 نفر) گماشته شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل دو پرسشنامه رضایت زناشویی انریچ فرم کوتاه و پرسشنامه شادمانی آکسفورد بود. به­منظور ارزیابی داده­های پژوهش از روش تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیری جهت بررسی متغیر رضایت زناشویی و مؤلفه­های آن، و از روش تحلیل کواریانس تک متغیری برای بررسی متغیر شادمانی استفاده شد. با­ توجه به نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش می­توان استنباط کرد مشاوره گروهی مبتنی بر واقعیت درمانی منجر به افزایش رضایت زناشویی و شادمانی زنان در دوران آشیانه خالی شده است. به­عبارت دیگر، واقعیت درمانی می­تواند روش سودمندی در زمینه افرایش رضایت زناشویی، شادمانی زنان و همچنین به وجود آمدن فضای حمایتی ایمن به لحاظ روانی و عاطفی باشد.                                                                                                                                                                

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of reality group therapy on marital satisfaction and women’s happiness during empty nest phase

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shadi Fatourehchi 1
  • Somayeh Shahmoradi 2
  • Zahra Naghsh 3
1 Faculty of Psychology, university of Tehran, Iran
2 Department of educational psychology and counseling, Faculty of psychology and educational sciences, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 university of tehran-tehran-iran

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • reality therapy
  • Happiness
  • Marital Satisfaction
  • Empty nest
  Abbasi H, Ahmadi S, Maryam Fatehi Zadeh M, Bahrami F (2016). The effect of Glaser's Reality Therapy on personal commitment of couples, Fam Pathol Counsel Enrichm J, Vol.2, No.1, pp 39-53.

  Akbarzadeh, M. (2014). Mental Health Expectancy and Resilience of Children Based on Marital Satisfaction and Maternal Attachment Styles (Master's Thesis), Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences.

  Alipour, A. & Nourbala, A. (1999). “A Preliminary Evaluation of the Validity and Reliability of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in Students in the Universities of Tehran”, Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology (IJPCP). Vol.5, No.1 & 2, PP: 55-66.

Arabi, A., Soveyzi, R., & Abolmaali, K. (2018). “Effectiveness Choice Theory Training on Rreducing feelings of loneliness in Introverted people”, Nova Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 6, PP: 1-10.

  Attari, Y., Abbasi Sarcheshmeh, A. & Mehrabizadeh, M. (2005). Study of Simple and Multiple Relationships of Religious Attitude, Optimism and Attachment Styles with Marital Satisfaction in Married Male Students of Ahwaz Shahid Chamran University, Quarterly Journal of Education and Psychology, Vol.1, No.10, PP: 91-110.

  Bakhshi, H., Asadpour, M., & Khodadadizadeh, A. (2007). Relationship between marital satisfaction and couples' depression, Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Vol.2, No. 11, PP: 43-37.

  Balaghat, R., Ebrahimzadeh, H., Mousavinezhad, J., Khazaei, Z., & Mahmoudvand, M. (2013). The Relationship between Happiness and Marital Satisfaction among Families in Zahak City, Women and Families Cultural- Educational Quarterly, Vol.7, No. 22, PP: 83-102.

  Barghandan, M., Enayati, M., & Mehrabizadeh honarmand, M. (2008). The Effectiveness of Group training in problem-solving skills on General Health and Marital Satisfaction of the wives of Employees in on-off rotation jobs, Journal of New Findings in Psychology (now changed to Journal of Social Psychology), Vol.3, No.7,PP: 95-107.

  Besharat, M., Tashkh, A., & Rezazadeh, M. (2006). Explaining the role of coping styles in marital satisfaction and mental health, contemporary psychology, Vol.1, No.1,PP: 56-48.

  Burpee, L. C., & Langer, E. J (2005). MindFulness and Marital satisfaction, Journal of Adult Development, Vol. 1, No. 12, pp 43-51.

  Carter, E. A., & McGoldrick, M (1988). Overview: The changing family life cycle: A-framework for family therapy. In B. Carter & M. McGoldrick (Eds), The changing family life cycle: A framework for family therapy (2nd ed), New York: Allyn and Bacon, Journal of American psychologist, No. 55, pp 34-43.

Chung, MS (2014). Pathways between attachment and marital satisfaction: the mediating roles of rumination empathy and forgivness , journal of  individual differences.

  Duvall, E. M (1977). Marriage and family development, New York: Lippincot, 5th ed.

  Fong, V. (2006). Unhappy marrages detrimenal to self-esteem and health [On-line].Available, http://cc.msnscache.com/cache.aspx?q=3870372621518&lang=enUS&m-kt=en-US, behavior”, Jornal of reality thearapy, Vol. 40.

  Glasser, William (1999). Choice theory: a new psychology of personal freedom. Translated by Sahebi, A.Tehran: Sayeh Sokhan Publication.

  Glenn, N.D (1975). Psychological well-being in the postparental stage: some evidence from national surveys, Journal of Marriage and the Family, No. 37, pp 105-110.

  Marital Therapy, Vol. 27, pp 247-257.

  Goldenberg, I., & Goldenberg, H. (2008). Family therapy: an overview. Translated by HosseinShahi H., Naghshbandi, S., & Arjmand, E. Tehran: Ravan Publication.

Heydarpour S, Prvaneh E, Saqqezi A, Ziapour A, Dehghan F, Parvaneh A (2018). Effectivness of Group Counseling Based on the Reality Therapy on Resilience and Psychological Well-Being of Mothers with an Intellectual Disabled Child, Int J Pediatr; Vol.6, No.6, pp 7851-60.

  Isanejad, O. (2008). The Effect of Enrichment of Relationships on Improving the Quality of Marital Relationships of Couples in Isfahan City in 2008 (Master's Thesis), Isfahan University, Faculty of Psychology.

  James S.B, Virginia S (2016). Psychiatric summary, behavioral sciences: Clinical Epidemiology, Arjmand Publication, Tehran.

  Keshavarz, A., Rezaei, J., Rafiee Shafiq, M. & Razavi, H. (2018). The Effect of Group Reality therapy on Happiness and Hope among Young Couples, Third International Conference on Psychology, Education and Lifestyle, Torbat-heidarieh, Torbat-heidarieh University.

Khalili, Sh., Barzegar, S., Sahebi, A, & Farahani, H. (2016). “The Effectiveness of choice theory (reality therapy) -based intervention on marital satisfaction”, Quarterly journal of applied psychology, Vol. 7, No. 1, PP: 1-23.

  Kurdek, L. A (2005). Gender and marital satisfaction early in marriage: A growth curve approach, Journal of Marriage and Family, vol. 67, No. 1, pp 68-84.

  Lavner, J. A, Karney, B. R, & Bradbury, T. N (2016). Does Couples' Communication Predict Marital Satisfaction, or Does Marital Satisfaction Predict Communication? Journal of Marriage and Family,Vol. 78, No. 3, pp 680-694.

Law, F. M., & Guo, G. J. (2017). “Choice and hope: a preliminary study of the effectiveness of choice-based reality therapy in strengthening hope in recovery for women convicted of drug offences in Taiwan”, International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, Vol. 3, No. 61, PP: 310-333.

  Neiley Ritter. E (2006). Understanding the empty nest transition, www.empty nest moms, Online.

  Niolon, R (2000). “Communication style and problem solving [on-line] Available”, http://www.psychopage.com.

  Olsen, D, Russell, C, & Sprenkle, D (1989). Circumplex model: Systematic assessment and-treatment of families, New York: Haworth Press and Family: A Christian Journal, Vol. 3, pp 69-81.

  Olson, D. H, & Olson, A. K (2000). Empowering couples: Prepare/enrich program, Marriage- and Family: A Christian Journal, Vol. 3, pp 69-81.

  Overbeek, G., Vollebergh, W, Groaf, R. D, Scholte, R., Kemp, R. D, & Engels, R (2006). Longitudinal associations of martal quality and marital dissolution with the incidence of DSM-III-R disordera, Journal of Family psychology, No. 20, pp 284-91.

  Mahdiyar, F., Khayer, M., & Hosseini, M. (2014). Comparison Between Empty Nest Syndrome in Parents, Before and After Their Child(ren) Leaving Home, Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology, Vol.15, No.4, PP: 17-29.

 McKay, M., Fanning P., & Paleg, K. (2007). Couple Skills: Making Your Relationship Work, Translated by Gozarabadi, M. Tehran: Rasa Publication.

Qureishi, M. & Behboudi, M. (2017). “The Effectiveness of Group Reality Therapy on Emotion regulation and Increasing academic Self-efficacy in female students”, Journal of Social Health,Vol. 3, No. 4, PP: 238-249.

 Raup, J; Myers, J (1989). The empty nest syndrome:  myth or reality, Journal of Counseling and Development, Vol. 68, pp 180-183.

 Rouhani, A. & Abotalebi, H. (2009). Relationship of marital satisfaction and happiness with the type of women's employment, Journal of Modern Industrial/Organizational Psychology, Vol.1, No.1, PP: 55-66

 Ryff, C.D (1989a). Beyond ponce de leon and life satisfaction: new directions in quest of successful againg, International Journal of Behavioral Development, Vol. 12, pp 35-55.

 Sanaei, B., Alaghband, s., Falahati, M. & Hooman, A. (2000). Family and Marriage Measurement Scales, Tehran: Besat Publications.

 Satir, V. (1978). Peoplemaking. Translated by Birashk. B. Tehran: Roshd Publication.

 Schifrin, H. H., & Nelson, S. K (2010). Stressed and happy? Investigating the relationship between happiness and perceived stress, Journal of Happiness Studies, Vol. 1, No. 11, pp 33-39.

 Seligman, M (2002). Authentic happiness, using the new positive.

Sepehrian, F. , Mohammadi, N., Badalpour, Z., Norouzadeh, V. (2016). “The Relationship of Hope and Happiness with Marital Satisfaction”, Journal of Health and Care, Vol. 1, No. 18, PP: 37-44.

 Shishefar, S., Kazemi, F., & Pezeshk, Sh. (2017). The effectiveness of reality therapy training on increasing happiness and responsibility in the mothers of children with Autism disorder, Quarterly of Psychology of Exceptional Individuals,  Vol.7, No.27,  PP:53-77.

 Soleimanian, A. (1994). The Effect of Irrational Thinking on Marital Dissatisfaction Based on Cognitive Approach (Master's Thesis). Kharazmi University.

 Taherian, M. (2002). Why is happiness gone from our community? Entekhab Newspaper, 2003/1/11, p. 4.

Vander Zanden, James (2008). Developmental Psychology. Translated by Ganji, Hamzeh. Tehran: Savalan Publication.

 Veenhoven, k (1998). The utility of happiness, Social Indicators Research, No. 20, pp 333-254.

 Vinch, spencer (2017). Variation in trajectories of womens marital quality, journal of sience and social , Vol. 49.

 Winferk, Barbara (2017). Effects of communication styles on marital satisfaction and distress of parents of predict cancer patients, psychology journal.

 Wubbolding, R, & Brickell, J (2014). A set of directions for putting and keeping yourself together. Translated by: Mirhadi, H. (Eds. Under the supervision of Sahebi, A.) (2nd edition), Tehran: Sayeh Sokhan.

Wubbolding, R. E., Casstevens, W. J., & Fulkerson, M. H. (2017). “Using the WDEP System of Reality Therapy to Support Person‐Centered Treatment Planning”, Journal of Counseling & Development, Vol. 4, No. 95, PP: 472-477.

Zareei Mhmood Abadi, Hassan (2013). Examination of attachment styles and personality factors as predictors of divorce in normal and divorce applicant couples in Yazd, Journal of Family Counseling & Psychotherapy, University of Kurdistan, Vol. 2, No.4, PP:554-572.