ساخت و اعتباریابی مقیاس ایرانی چالش های میانسالی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی. گروه روانشناسی مرکز تحصیلات تکمیلی دانشگاه پیام نور. تهران

2 استاد گروه روانشناسی. دانشکده روانشناسی دانشگاه پیام نور. تهران

چکیده

هدف از مطالعه حاضر ساخت­ ابزاری مناسب برای پژوهش در حوزه­ی تحول میانسالی است که می­تواند کمکی در راه­اندازی تحقیقات مختلف در این زمینه باشد. به همین منظور، پس از بررسی تئوری­های گوناگون مربوط به تحول میانسالی 12 حوزه از چالش­های تحولی شناسایی و بر اساس آنها تعداد 66 سوال (به طور متوسط برای هر حوزه 5.5 سوال) طراحی شدند. سوالات در ابتدا توسط 4 نفر از متخصصین در حوزه­ی روانشناسی تحولی از نظر محتوایی بررسی شدند و پس از تغییراتی در جمله­بندی برخی سوالات، روی 398 نفر (204 زن و 194 مرد) از ساکنین مناطق 22 گانه­ی شهر تهران بین سنین 40 تا 65 سال اجرا شد. یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد که پرسشنامه دارای 6 عامل که به ترتیب شامل: رضایت از شغل، بی لذتی اوقات فراغت، نگرانی­ها، نارضایتی از تأهل، تعامل با نسل بعدی و مسئولیت­پذیری اجتماعی است. بررسی ثبات درونی پرسشنامه نشان داد که همه­ی خرده مقیاس­ها از اعتبار مطلوبی برخوردارند. در نتیجه پرسشنامه برای انجام تحقیقات در زمینه­ی چالش­های تحول میانسالی مناسب است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Construction and Validation of the Iranian scale of Midlife Challenges

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Roozbehani 1
  • Mahnaz Aliakbari Dehkordi 2
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study is to construct an instrument for research in the field of middle age development that It can help in launching various researches in this field. After reviewing various theories about the middle age development, 12 areas of developmental challenges were identified and based on them, 66 questions (on average 5.5 questions per each domain) were designed. At first, the questions were reviewed by four experts in the field of developmental psychology in terms of content validity and after some changes in the wording of some questions, were administrated on 398 subjects (204 women and 194 men) from 22 districts of Tehran residents between the ages of 40 to 65 years. The factor analysis showed that the scale consisted of 6 factors which respectively include; job satisfaction, leisure without pleasure, concerns, marital dissatisfaction, interaction with the next generation and social responsibility. Statistics of the internal consistency of the questionnaire showed that most of the subscales have desirable reliability. As a result, the questionnaire is appropriate for applying in the researches on middle age developmental challenges.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iranian scale of Midlife Challenges
  • Middle Age Development
  • Developmental Psychology
  • factor analysis

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