اثربخشی بسته آموزش بهوشیاری بر ارتقاء سطح توجه کودکان دارای اختلال کم توجهی- بیش فعالی (ADHD)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 داﻧﺸﺠﻮی دﮐﺘﺮای روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺖ ﻣﺪرس

2 داﻧﺸﯿﺎر ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺖ ﻣﺪرس،تهران، ایران

3 اﺳﺘﺎد ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬﺮان

4 اﺳﺘﺎد ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺧﻮارزﻣﯽ

5 فوق تخصص روانپزشکی کودک و نوجوان

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی آموزش بهوشیاری بر بهبود عملکرد توجه و تمرکز کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نقص توجه- بیش­فعالی است. طرح پژوهش از نوع شبه­آزمایشی و به­صورت پیش­آزمون- پس­آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش کودکان 12-9 ساله بودند. نمونه مورد مطالعه شامل 30 کودک مبتلا به اختلال بود که به­طور در دسترس انتخاب، و به­صورت تصادفی در گروه آزمایش و کنترل گماشته شدند. از مقیاس سنجش اختلال نقص توجه- بیش­فعالی (IVA) و مجموعه آزمون سنجش عملکرد شناختی (PCAP) برای جمع­آوری داده­ها استفاده شد. گروه آزمایش8  جلسه آموزش بهوشیاری را به­صورت هفتگی دریافت نمود. در حالی که گروه کنترل آموزشی دریافت نکرد. پس از 8 هفته  نتایج نشان داد که آموزش بهوشیاری بر ارتقاء سطح توجه کودکان بیش­فعال مؤثر بوده و کودکان در گروه آزمایش افزایش معناداری را در میزان توجه دیداری و توجه شنیداری و کنترل پاسخ نشان دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Training on Promoting Attention in Children with Attention Deficit -Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sana Nourimoghadam 1
  • Seyed kazeme Tabatabae 2
  • Nima Ghorbani 3
  • Alireza Moradi 4
  • Afsaneh Sehat 5
چکیده [English]

The purpose of Study was  the Effectiveness of Mindfulness on Attention in Attention Deficit/ Hyperactive Disorder children. The design of the study was quasi–experimental, and of pretest- posttest with control group .The statistical population comprised between 9-12 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) The research sample consisted of 30 child  that were selected by the available sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Integrated visual and auditory ( IVA ) and Persian paper and pencil Cognitive Assessment Package( PCAP) scales were used. The experimental groups received  eight 90 minutes sessions of mindfulness  training each week while the control group received no specific intervention. After 8 weeks The results indicate that mindfulness training on Attention of children with ADHD was effective and children of experimental group Showed significant increasing in visual and auditory attention and response control increased significantly. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindfulness
  • Attention Deficit
  • Hyperactive Disorder
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