بررسی موردی تاثیر راهبرد خودنظارتی توجه در افزایش توجه و دقت خواندن دانش‌آموزان سندرم داون

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی، دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تاثیر استفاده از راهبرد خودنظارتی توجه در افزایش توجه و دقت خواندن دانش ‌آموزان سندرم داون بود. برای انجام پژوهش، تعداد 3 نفر از دانش ‌آموزان دختر مبتلا به سندرم داون به روش نمونه‌ گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. در این پژوهش که از نوع تک ‌آزمودنی و طرح چندخط پایه‌ ای با آزمودنی ‌های مختلف بود، به‌ منظور تعیین میزان رفتارهای مربوط به بی ‌توجهی، ابتدا هر کدام از آزمودنی ‌ها با توجه به ملاک‌ های اختلال کمبود توجه در DSM-5 و گزارشات والدین به‌ طور دقیق مورد مشاهده قرار گرفتند و رفتارهای حاکی از بی ‌توجهی در آنها به ‌طور دقیق اندازه ‌گیری و ثبت شد. سپس در مرحله مداخله‌، هر آزمودنی طی 12 جلسه 45 دقیقه‌ای راهبرد خودنظارتی توجه را آموزش دیدند. رفتار آزمودنی ‌ها پس از مداخله در جلسات مرحله پیگیری نیز مورد مشاهده قرار گرفت. در نهایت داده ‌های جمع ‌آوری شده از طریق تحلیل دیداری نمودارها و محاسبه اندازه اثر، مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند‌. نتایج پژوهش نشان ‌دهنده تاثیر راهبرد خودنظارتی توجه در کاهش نشانه‌ های حاکی از بی ‌توجهی و افزایش دقت و تمرکز هر سه آزمودنی بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of self-monitoring attention strategy on enhancement of attention and accuracy of reading in students with Down syndrome

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Noori 1
  • Fatimah Nosrati 2
  • Abbas Rahiminezhad 3
1 University of Tehran
2 Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional. Faculty of Education and Psychology. University of Tehran. Tehran. Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of self-monitoring attention strategy on enhancement of attention and accuracy of reading in students with Down syndrome. For the purpose of this study, 3 girls with Down syndrome who were studying at one of the exceptional schools of Qom in academic year 2015-2016, were selected as the sample using purposive sampling. In this research, which is a single-subject and multi-line design with different subjects, in order to determine the amount of inattention behaviors, each participant was first carefully observed and their accurately measured and recorded. Then, during the intervention phase, each participant trains self- monitoring of attention strategy during the twelve sessions for 45 minutes. The behavior of these participants is also observed after the intervention phase in the follow-up sessions. Finally, the data analyzed by analyzing the visual diagrams and calculating the influence amount index. The results of the research show that the strategy of self-monitoring of attention increased the accuracy of all three participants.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • self-monitoring strategy of attention
  • attention
  • accuracy of reading
  • Down syndrome
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