ﻓﺮاﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ راﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﯿﻦ اﻫﻤﺎلﮐﺎری و ﻋﻤﻠﮑﺮد ﺗﺤﺼﯿﻠﯽ

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

داﻧﺸﺠﻮی دﮐﺘﺮی روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺘﯽ، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺧﻮارزﻣﯽ، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﯾﺮان

چکیده

ﻫﺪف از ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ، ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ اﻧﺪازه اﺛﺮ ﺗﺮﮐﯿﺒﯽ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶﻫﺎی اﻧﺠﺎمﺷﺪه در ﺣﻮزه اﻫﻤﺎلﮐﺎری و ﻋﻤﻠﮑﺮد ﺗﺤﺼﯿﻠﯽ ﺑﻮد. روش ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده در اﯾﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ، ﻣﺮوری ﻧﻈﺎمﻣﻨﺪ و ﻓﺮاﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﺑﻮد. ﺑﺮای رﺳﯿﺪن ﺑﻪ اﯾﻦ ﻫﺪف در ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ، از ﻃﺮﯾﻖ روش ﭘﺮﯾﺴﻤﺎ ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎی ﮐﻤّﯽ 30 ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ از اﯾﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶﻫﺎ 30 اﻧﺪازه اﺛﺮ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﮔﺮدﯾﺪ. ﭘﮋوﻫﺶﻫﺎﯾﯽ ﮐﻪ در اﯾﻦ ﻓﺮاﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻣﻮرداﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ، در ﭘﺎﯾﮕﺎهﻫﺎی اﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﯽ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﭘﺎﺑﻤﺪ، اﺳﭙﺮﯾﻨﮕﺮ، اﺳﮑﻮپ، ﭘﺮوﮐﯿﻮﺳﺖ، اﻟﺰوﯾﺮ، ﺳﺎﯾﻨﺲ داﯾﺮﮐﺖ، ﮔﻮﮔﻞ اﺳﮑﺎﻟﺮ، ﺟﻬﺎد داﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﯽ و ﻣﮕﯿﺮان ﺑﯿﻦ ﺳﺎلﻫﺎی 1380 ﺗﺎ 1396 و 1984 ﺗﺎ 2018 ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎ و اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﻣﻮردﻧﻈﺮ ﺟﻬﺖ دﺳﺖﯾﺎﺑﯽ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪف ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﻣﻮرد واﮐﺎوی ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮﻓﺖ و ﺑﻌﺪ از ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﻣﻼکﻫﺎی ورود و ﺧﺮوج ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎت، اﻧﺪازه اﺛﺮﻫﺎی ﻫﻤﺒﺴﺘﮕﯽ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶﻫﺎی ﺟﻤﻊآوریﺷﺪه ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮماﻓﺰارCMA  ﻣﻮردﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮﻓﺖ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﯿﻦ در اﯾﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ، دو ﻣﺪل ﺗﺼﺎدﻓﯽ و ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪﻧﺘﺎﯾﺞ ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﮕﻨﯽ از ﻃﺮﯾﻖ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎی Q و ﻣﺠﺬور I، ﻣﺪل ﺗﺼﺎدﻓﯽ اﻧﺘﺨﺎب ﺷﺪ. ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎن داد، اﻧﺪازه اﺛﺮ ﺗﺮﮐﯿﺒﯽ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶﻫﺎی ﻣﻮردﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﭘﺲ از ﺣﺬف ﺳﻪ اﻧﺪازه اﺛﺮ 0/307- ﺑﻪدﺳﺖ آﻣﺪ. ﻣﻘﺪار اﻧﺪازه اﺛﺮ ﺗﺮﮐﯿﺒﯽ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶﻫﺎ، ﺑﺮاﺳﺎس ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﮐﻮﻫﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺷﺪ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﯿﻦ، ﻧﺘﺎﯾﺞ ﻣﺮﺑﻮط ﺑﻪﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﮕﻨﯽ ﺣﺎﮐﯽ از وﺟﻮد ﻣﺘﻐﯿﺮﻫﺎی ﺗﻌﺪﯾﻞﮐﻨﻨﺪه در ﭘﮋوﻫﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﻮد. ﺷﻮاﻫﺪ اﯾﻦ ﻓﺮاﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ در ارﺗﺒﺎط ﺑﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﻧﯽ ﻧﻈﺮی و ﺗﺠﺮﺑﯽ ﻗﺒﻠﯽ، ﻧﺸﺎﻧﮕﺮ رواﺑﻂ ﺑﯿﻦ دو ﻣﺘﻐﯿﺮ اﻫﻤﺎلﮐﺎری و ﻋﻤﻠﮑﺮد ﺗﺤﺼﯿﻠﯽ ﺑﻮد. ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪﻧﺘﺎﯾﺞ ﻓﺮاﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻣﯽﺗﻮان ﮔﻔﺖ، ﺑﺮای ﻣﻮﻓﻘﯿﺖ در ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎی ﺗﺤﺼﯿﻠﯽ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪﻣﺸﮑﻞ اﻫﻤﺎلﮐﺎری در ﻣﯿﺎن ﻣﺤﺼﻼن ﺿﺮوری ﺧﻮاﻫﺪ ﺑﻮد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Procrastination and Academic Performance: A Meta-Analysis Study

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohammad Setayeshi Azhari
چکیده [English]

Procrastination is a common problem among university and school students. To address this problem., the current research was carried out with the aim of studying the combined research effect size in the field of procrastination and academic performance. A systematic review and meta-analysis method were used in this research. Along the same lines, 30 projects through PRISMA method from web the Data (Pupmed, Springer, ProQuest, Scopus, Elsevier, Science direct, Google Scholar, Magiran), between the year 1984-2018, 1380-1396 were conducted in accordance with research objectives to perform current study. After evaluating the criteria for entrances and lay away requirements research, the correlation effects of the research were analyzed by CMA software. Also, two models of random effect and fixed effect were calculated. According to the results of heterogeneous analysis, the randomized model was selected through Q and squared I indices. The findings revealed that the size of the combined effect of the investigated research after the removal of 3 effects size was -0.307. The combined effect size of the research was calculated based on the mean Cohen’s index. The results of heterogeneous analysis revealed of the existence moderating variables in the research as well. The results of this meta- analysis pertaining to theoretical and empirical foundations are indicative of the relationship between procrastination and academic performance variables. Given the results of this meta-analysis, it can be concluded that for academic performance to be successful, it is essential to address the problem of procrastination among university and school students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Procrastination
  • Academic Performance
  • Effect Size
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