هنجاریابی و بررسی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی پرسشنامه نگرانی (PSWQ-C) در کودکان و نوجوانان 8 تا 18 ساله

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، بررسی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی و استانداردسازی پرسشنامه PSWQ-C در نمونه‌ای از کودکان و نوجوانان 8 تا 18 سال بود. نمونه آماری این مطالعه را 1100 نفر (581 دختر و 519 پسر) تشکیل دادند. نمونه‌ پژوهش حاضر شامل 500 کودک 8 تا 12 ساله (286 دختر و 214 پسر) در مقطع دبستان، 300 نوجوان 13 تا 15 ساله )150 دختر و 150 پسر)، در مقطع دوره اول متوسطه و 300 نوجوان 16 تا 18 ساله (145 دختر و 155 پسر) در دوره دوم متوسطه است. ابتدا پرسشنامه نگرانی ایالت پنسیلوانیا کودک و نوجوان (PSWQ-C) به زبان فارسی ترجمه گردید، سپس به زبان انگلیسی برگردانده شد. پس از رفع مشکلات زبان‌شناسی سؤالات، برای اطمینان از صحت ترجمه آن به‌صورت آزمایشی روی 100 نفر از دانش‌آموزان (50 دختر و 50 پسر) اجرا گردید. پس از تصحیح و تأیید ترجمه، این پرسشنامه بر روی 1100 دانش‌آموز (581 دختر و 519 پسر) در شهر تهران اجرا شد. نتایج این مطالعه بهترین برازش را برای مدل تک‌عاملی در بین کودکان 8 تا 12 ساله و نوجوانان 13 تا 18 ساله نشان داد. این نتایج حاکی از روایی سازه مناسب این پرسشنامه در جمعیت ایرانی است. آلفای‌کرونباخ برای مدل تک‌عاملی کودکان برابر با 85/0 و برای نوجوانان نیز برابر با 86/0 به‌دست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric Properties and the Standardization of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire in 8–18-Year-Old Children and Adolescent

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Moghadasin 1
  • Fathaneh Arjmand 2
  • Shahram Mohammadkhani Mohammadkhani 3
1 Assistant Professor, Kharazmi University. Tehran, Iran
2 Master, khurazmi university, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, College of Psychology, Kharazmi University. Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties and standardization of PSWQ-C questionnaire in a sample of children and adolescents aged 8-18 years. The statistical sample of this study included 1100 (581 girls and 519 boys). A sample of this study is includes 500 children aged 8 to 12 (286 girls and 214 boys) at the elementary School level, 300 adolescents aged 13 to 15 (150 girls and 150 boys) in middle school and 300 adolescents aged 16 to 18 (145 girls and 150 boys) in high/secondary school. First the Pen State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ-C) was translated to Persian, then it was back translated into English. After eliminating the linguistic problems, it was performed on 100 students (50 girls and 50 boys) to ensure the accuracy of its translation. After confirming translation, the final questionnaire was administered to 1100 students (581 girls and 519 boys) in Tehran. The results of study confirmed the one-factor model among children and adolescents.  Our findings provide evidence of the construct validity of the Pen State Worries Questionnaire in Iranian children and adolescents. Also, the reliability of the questionnaire was in a good range. Cronbach's alpha for one-factor model of children equaled 0.85 and for one-factor model of adolescents was 0.86.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Worry
  • Children and Adolescent
  • Psychometric Properties and Standardization
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