رابطه‌ی راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان و افسردگی در دختران دارای روابط عاطفی: نقش میانجی مشکلات بین‌فردی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی ، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیارگروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، تعیین نقش میانجی مشکلات بین‌فردی در رابطه‌ی راهبردهای شناختی تنظیم هیجان و افسردگی، در دختران دارای روابط عاطفی است. روش پژوهش برحسب هدف بنیادی و برحسب فرضیه‌های پژوهش از نوع توصیفی- همبستگی است. جامعه‌ی آماری شامل تمام دانشجویان دختر مجرد شهر تهران در سال تحصیلی 98-1397 است که حداقل دوماه رابطه‌ی رمانتیک داشتند. از میان این عده، نمونه‌ی آماری به‌صورت در دسترس (٣١٧ نفر) انتخاب شدند و به پرسشنامه‌های نظم‌جویی شناختی هیجان (CERQ-P-Short)، مقیاس افسردگی بک (BDI-S) و سیاهه‌ی مشکلات بین‌فردی ((IIP-32 که در اختیار آن‌ها گذاشته شد، پاسخ دادند. تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از روش مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری انجام شد. همچنین برای طبقه‌بندی، پردازش و تحلیل داده‌ها و بررسی فرضیه‌های پژوهش از نرم‌افزارهای 22-SPSS و 85/8-Lisrel استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که تنظیم هیجان سازگارانه و ناسازگارانه با واسطه‌گری مشکلات بین‌فردی، روی اختلال افسردگی به‌ترتیب با ضریب استاندارد 04/0- و 10/0 در سطح 05/0 p <، اثر معناداری دارند. بر‌این‌اساس، تنظیم هیجان سازگارانه پایین و تنظیم هیجان سازگارانه بالا به واسطه‌ی مشکلات بین‌فردی منجر به افزایش نشانه‌های اختلال افسردگی می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship Between Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Depression in Female University Students Involved in Romantic Relationships: The Mediating Role of Interpersonal Problems

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fateme Karbalayi 1
  • Jafar Hasani 2
  • Robabeh Noori Ghasemabadi 3
1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran. Iran
2 Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychology and Education Faculty, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychology and Education Faculty, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to determine the mediating role of interpersonal problems in the relationship between emotion regulation strategies and depression in female students who were in romantic relationships. The research method was descriptive-correlational based on the research hypotheses. The sample of 317 participants were selected from all single female university students in Tehran province in the academic year of 1397-98 who had been in a romantic relationship for at least two months. The measurement tools used in the research were cognitive emotion regulation strategies questionnaire, depression scale, and interpersonal problems scale. The results were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM).The results showed that emotion regulation strategies (adaptive/ maladaptive) with standardized coefficient of -0.04 and 0.10 respectively, had significant effect on depression by the mediation of interpersonal problems (p < 0.05). Based on the results, low adaptive emotion regulation strategies and high maladaptive emotion regulation strategies by the mediation of interpersonal problems could contribute to an increase in the symptoms of depression.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies
  • interpersonal problems
  • Depression
  • Romantic Relationships
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