مطالعه مقدماتی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی پرسشنامه ظرفیت تأملی والدینی بر روی یک نمونه ایرانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری روانشناسی سلامت، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی ، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه روانشناسی ، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اعتبار و روایی پرسشنامه ظرفیت تأملی والدینی (لویتن و همکاران، 2017) بود. این مطالعه کاربردی، یک طرح روان­سنجی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر شامل مادران دارای کودک یک تا پنج سال استان تهران در سال 1398 بودند. در این مطالعه از روش نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب شد که نمونه آماری شامل 244 نفر از مادران دارای کودک 1 تا 5 سال (106 دختر و 138 پسر) بود. ابزار سنجش مورد استفاده در این پژوهش مقیاس ظرفیت تأملی والدینی (PRFQ) بود. روایی سازه از طریق تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و با شیوه مولفه اصلی و چرخش واریماکس بررسی شده و سه عامل پیش ذهن‌سازی، اطمینان از وضعیت روانی و کنجکاوی در مورد وضعیت روانی به دست آمده و 48/43 درصد از واریانس استخراج شد. مقدار آلفای کرونباخ به ترتیب در سه عامل 68/0، 72/0، 68/0 و در کل مقیاس 70/0 به دست آمد. با توجه به نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و اعتبار به دست آمده، به نظر می‌رسد شواهد اولیه همگرا با نتایج به دست آمده از مقیاس اصلی وجود دارد و این مقیاس توانایی سنجش میزان ظرفیت تأملی والدینی را دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Preliminary Study of Psychometric Properties of the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (PRFQ) on an Iranian Sample

نویسندگان [English]

  • Walaa Mousawi 1
  • Hadi Bahrami Ehsan 2
1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran. Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Psychology and educational Science Faculty, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The objective of this practical study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (luyten et al. 2017). The participants of this study were 244 mothers from Tehran (in 2019) with 1 to 5 year-old children (106 boys and 138 girls) who answered the translated version of Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire. The structural validity was obtained by exploratory factor analysis with principal component analysis and varimax rotation the three-factors including prementalizing modes, certainty, and curiosity about mental state and 48.43 percent of the variance was extracted. The Cronbach Alpha obtained in the three factors was respectively 0.68, 0.72, and 0.68, and in the whole scale was 0.70. The structural exploratory factor was the same as the structural parental reflective function. Considering the results of the exploratory factor analysis and the obtained reliability, it seems that there is preliminary evidence converging with the results from the original scale, meaning that this scale can assess the parental reflective function in Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Parental Reflective Functioning
  • mentalization
  • Validity
  • reliability
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