کاربرد علوم شناختی در مدیریت (با بهره گیری از رویکرد فراترکیب)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه مدیریت و برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مدیریت و برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مدیریت و برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف مطالعه کاربرد علوم شناختی در مدیریت انجام شده است. روش پژوهش حاضر، کیفی و از نوع فراترکیب بوده است. جامعه پژوهش را کلیه اسناد و مدارک یافته شده به تعداد بیش از 2000 سند علمی-فنی تشکیل می‌دهند که در 8 پایگاه علمی داخلی و 10 پایگاه علمی خارجی مورد جستجو قرارگرفتند. از این تعداد مقاله پس از بررسی موضوعی، چکیده و محتوایی نهایتاً 63 مقاله از آن‌ها برگزیده و تحلیل شد. روش تحلیل کدگذاری باز در دو سطح مفاهیم و مقوله‌ها به منظور تحلیل کیفی، مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. براساس تحلیل انجام شده، سه گروه کاربست علوم شناختی در مدیریت شناسایی شد که هر یک از این‌گروه‌ها زیربخش‌هایی را نیز شامل می‌شود. گروه اول، کاربست علوم شناختی در کارکردهای مدیریت از جمله رهبری، تصمیم‌گیری، برنامه‌ریزی، نظارت و کنترل شناختی بوده است. گروه دوم کاربست علوم شناختی در سبک‌های مختلف مدیریت از جمله عصب-رهبری، رهبری عقلی-مغزی، رهبری خردمند و خودرهبری و خودمدیریتی بوده است. گروه سوم، مربوط به کاربست علوم شناختی در حوزه‌های مختلف مدیریت از جمله مدیریت دانش شناختی و مدیریت کسب و کار شناختی بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of cognitive science in management (A meta-synthesis study)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Khodayar Abili 1
  • fatemeh Narenji Thani 2
  • Ebrahim Mazari 3
1 Department of Educational Administration and planning, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Educational Administration and planning, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Educational Administration and planning, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
This study aimed to study the application of cognitive science in management. The research method was qualitative and meta-synthesis. The research population comprises all of the more than 2000 scientific-technical documents found in 8 internal scientific databases and 10 external scientific databases. Out of these articles, after subject review, abstracts and contents were finally selected and analyzed for 63 articles. Open coding analysis method was used in two levels of concepts and categories for qualitative analysis. Based on the analysis, three groups of applications of cognitive science in management were identified, each of which included subdivisions. The first group is the application of cognitive science to management functions including leadership, decision making, planning, supervision and cognitive control. The second group has been applying the cognitive sciences in various management styles including neuro-leadership, rational-brain leadership, wise and self-directed leadership and self-management. The third group deals with the application of cognitive science in various areas of management including cognitive management and cognitive business management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keyword: Cognitive science
  • management
  • Meta-synthesis
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