اثربخشی مشاوره هیجان مدار مبتنی بر اخلاق اسلامی بر شادکامی زوجین ناسازگار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده. دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی. دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی تربیتی و مشاوره دانشگاه تهران

3 استاد گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی. دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف طراحی و شناسایی اثر الگوی مشاوره هیجان­مدار مبتنی بر اخلاق اسلامی بر شادکامی زوجین ناسازگار صورت پذیرفت. روش پژوهش آزمایشی، و در چارچوب طرح شبه آزمایشی از نوع پیش­آزمون- پس­آزمون با گروه گواه بود. جامعه آماری کلیه زوجین مراجعه­کننده به مرکز مشاوره یارا در شهرستان ساوه بوده است که از بین آن­ها 30 زوج داوطلب در شش ماهه دوم سال 1395 انتخاب گردید و به تصادف در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه جایگزین شدند. ابزار گرداوری اطلاعات پرسشنامه شادکامی آکسفورد بود. برنامه به مدت 10 جلسه مشاوره گروهی 90 دقیقه­ای برای گروه آزمایش اجرا شد، اما گروه گواه، آموزشی دریافت نکرد. برای تحلیل داده­ها از تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیره استفاده شد. یافته‌ها حاکی از آن بود که الگوی طراحی­شده از روایی مناسب برخوردار بوده و باعث افزایش معنادار میانگین شادکامی و مولفه­های آن یعنی رضایت از زندگی، خلق مثبت، بهزیستی ذهنی و خودکارامدی گردیده، اما بر مولفه دیگر یعنی عزت نفس تاثیر معناداری نداشته است. می­توان نتیجه‌ گرفت الگوی مشاوره هیجان­مدار مبتنی بر اخلاق اسلامی به عنوان یک روش کاربردی و مؤثر می‌تواند زوجین ناسازگار را از حالت دلبستگی ناایمن به ایمن، تنظیم هیجانات و شادکامی بیشتر سوق دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Emotion-Focused counseling Based on Islamic ethics on Happiness of Incompatible couples

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fateme Jafari 1
  • Mansoureh Hajhosseini 2
  • Bagher Ghobaribonab 3
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to design and identify Emotion-Focused counseling model on Islamic ethics on incompatible couples' Happiness. The research method was experimental and in the framework of a pseudo-experimental design of a pre-test and post-test type with a control group. The statistical population was selected from 30 volunteers of all clients’ couples referring to Yara counseling center in Saveh city in the second six months of 1395. The information gathering tool was Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. The program was run for 10 sessions of 90-minute group counseling for the test group but the control group did not receive any training. The findings indicated that the designed model had an appropriate validity, and significantly increased the happiness mean and its components namely: life satisfaction, positive mood, well-being mental, self-efficacy but there was no significant effect on the other component which was self-esteem. It can be concluded that an Emotion-Focused Counseling Based on Islamic ethics model can drive inconsistent couples from insecure attachment to secure attachment, more emotional control and more intimate as an applied and effective way.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotion-Focused Approach
  • Emotion-Focused counseling Based on Islamic ethics
  • Happiness
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