اثر اعتیاد بر رفتارهای پرخطر رانندگی و ایمنی ترافیک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر میزان رفتارهای پرخطر رانندگی شامل تخلفات و خطاها را در افراد مصرف­کننده مواد مخدر، در حال ترک و سالم بررسی کرد. همچنین تاثیر رفتارهای پرخطر رانندگی بر دو شاخص ایمنی ترافیک (تصادفات و جریمه­ها) در این سه گروه سنجیده شد. 240 نفر به­طور مساوی در سه گروه معتاد (100 درصد مرد)، در حال ترک (100 درصد مرد) و سالم (80 درصد مرد)، به­شیوه در دسترس پرسشنامه رفتارهای رانندگی منچستر به علاوه ویژگی­های فردی و تاریخچه مصرف مواد را پر کردند. آزمون­های آماری با کنترل متغیرهای سن، جنسیت، تحصیلات، ساعت و تجربه رانندگی نشان داد افراد معتاد و در حال ترک نسبت به افراد سالم میزان خطاها، تخلفات پرخاشگرانه و معمولی، لغزش­ها، تصادفات و جریمه­های رانندگی بیشتری مرتکب می­شوند. یافته­های همبستگی سهمی در گروه معتاد رابطه­ی بین تعداد تصادفات با خطاها و لغزش­های رانندگی و تعداد جریمه­ها با تخلفات معمولی، پرخاشگرانه و لغزش معنادار بود. در گروه تحت درمان بین تعداد تصادفات و همه انواع تخلفات و خطاها و تعداد جریمه­ها با تخلفات پرخاشگرانه، معمولی و خطاهای رانندگی ارتباط معنادار بود. در افراد سالم هیچ رابطه­ای معنادار نبود. افراد معتاد و تحت درمان نقش موثری در بروز رفتارهای پرخطر رانندگی و کاهش سطح ایمنی ترافیک دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The influence of addiction on aberrant driving behaviors and traffic safety

نویسنده [English]

  • Zahra Tabibi
چکیده [English]

The current study aimed to compare driving violations and driving errors of addicted, under-treatment and healthy drivers. Also, the influence of aberrant driving behavior on traffic safety (accidents and tickets) for each group was assessed. A total of 240 volunteers filled up Driving Behavior Questionnaire and a demographic questionnaire asking about driving experience and history of substance was used. ANCOVA and MANCOVA with age, gender, education, and hours of driving per week, and the years of driving experience as covariates indicated that compared to healthy drivers, addicted and under-treatment drivers reported higher rate of aggressive violations, ordinary violations, errors, lapses, accidents and tickets. Among addicted there was significant relationship between the number of accidents and driving errors. Their number of tickets was related to ordinary driving violations. For the under-treatment group, the number of accidents were related to ordinary violations, aggressive violations, errors and lapses. Their number of tickets was related to aggressive violations, ordinary violations and errors. For healthy individuals none of the correlations were significant. Addicted and under-treatment individuals violate traffic regulations and drive erroneously more than healthy individuals, resulting in decrease in traffic safety.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Addiction
  • road traffic violations
  • traffic accidents

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