مکانیسم‌های دفاعی و جسمانی‌سازی: سلسله مراتب دفاعی موثر بر جسمانی‌سازی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 : اﺳﺘﺎد ﮔﺮوه رواﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﯽ. داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬران

3 دانشیار داﻧﺸﮑﺪه رواﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﯽ و ﻋﻠﻮم ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺘﯽ، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﮭﺮان، ﺗﮭﺮان، اﯾﺮان

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی نقش سبک‌های دفاعی غالب در پیش‌بینی علائم جسمانی‌سازی و وضعیت سلامت عمومی است. نمونه این پژوهش شامل 253 دانشجو (149 زن و 104 مرد) بوده‌است و ابزارهای مورد استفاده پرسشنامه سبک‌های دفاعی اندروز (1993)، چک ‌لیست علائم جسمانی‌سازی ریف و هیلر (1998) و پرسشنامه سلامت عمومی گلدبرگ (1979) بودند. نتایج نشان دادند که سبک‌های دفاعی، پیش‌بین مناسبی برای علائم جسمانی‌سازی و سلامت عمومی در افراد هستند. بدین‌صورت که سبک دفاعی رشدیافته، علائم جسمانی‌سازی را به­صورت منفی و سلامت عمومی را به­صورت مثبت پیش‌بینی می‌کرد. همچنین سبک‌های دفاعی رشدنایافته و نوروتیک به ترتیب علائم جسمانی‌سازی را به­طور مثبت و سلامت عمومی را به­شکل منفی پیش‌بینی می‌کردند. علاوه ‌بر این، دیگر یافته‌ها نشان دادند که به­طور اختصاصی دفاع‌‌های خیال‌پردازی اوتیستیک، برون‌ریزی، انزوا و ابطال به­ترتیب پیش‌بینی کننده مثبت علائم جسمانی‌سازی در افراد بودند. یافته‌های این مطالعه می‌تواند شاهدی بر نقش احتمالی سبک‌های‌ دفاعی در ایجاد و عود اختلالات روان‌تنی محسوب شود. روان‌درمانگران می‌توانند با تمرکز بر این سبک‌های دفاعی، باعث کاهش جسمانی‌سازی و ارتقای سلامت عمومی گردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Defense mechanisms and Somatization: The effect of defense hierarchy on somatization

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Noorbala 1
  • Nima Ghorbani 2
  • Masoud Lavasani 3
1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Defense styles
  • Somatization
  • General Health

The aim of present study was to evaluate the possible role of dominant defense styles in predicting somatization symptoms and general health. 253 university in students, including 149 female and 104 male, were studied with Defense Style Questionnaire (Andrews, 1993), Symptoms of Somatization (Rief and Hiller, 1998), and General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg, 1979). The results showed that defense mechanisms act as a predictor of somatization symptoms and general health. Mature defense styles negatively predicted somatization and positively predicted general health. Immature defenses were positive predictor of somatization and neurotic styles were negative predictor of general health. Moreover, autistic fantasy, acting out, isolation, and undoing defenses, specifically and positively predicted somatization symptoms. The results are an evidence for the possible role of defense styles in an inducing and a relapsing of psychosomatic disorders. Psychotherapies can reduce somatization and improve general health by focusing on the defense styles which have an important role in.

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