اثربخشی مداخلات روان شناختی بر اضطراب حالتی رقابتی و کورتیزول بزاقی دوندگان سرعت نخبه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 گروه رفتار حرکتی و روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران،

3 داﻧﺸﯿﺎر ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ ورزﺷﯽ داﻧﺸﮑﺪه ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺖ ﺑﺪﻧﯽ و ﻋﻠﻮم ورزﺷﯽ، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬﺮان، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﯾﺮان

چکیده

در زمینه اثربخشی مداخلات روان­ شناختی بر اضطراب رقابتی و پاسخ محور هیپوتالاموس هیپوفیز آدرنال (HPA) مطالعات اندکی صورت گرفته است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی یک دوره تمرین مهارت‌های روان­ شناختی بر اضطراب حالتی رقابتی و کورتیزول بزاقی در دوندگان سرعت نخبه بود. پژوهش حاضر، نیمه تجربی، و با استفاده از طرح پیش­ آزمون و پس ­آزمون با گروه تجربی و کنترل انجام ‌شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل تمام دوندگان­ سرعت نخبه استان خوزستان با دامنه سنی 18تا 29 سال بود که 30 دونده ­سرعت نخبه به ­طور تصادفی در گروه تجربی و کنترل (هر گروه 15 نفر) قرار گرفتند. برای سنجش اضطراب رقابتی از پرسشنامه اضطراب حالتی رقابتی-2 و جهت اندازه­ گیری کورتیزول بزاقی از کیت سنجش کورتیزول بزاقی شرکت IBL آلمان مدل RE-52611 استفاده شده است. داده­ ها از طریق نرم­ افزار SPSS نسخه 20 تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج آزمون آماری تحلیل کوواریانس، کاهش معناداری را در غلظت کورتیزول بزاقی و اضطراب حالتی رقابتی پس از هشت هفته تمرین مهارت‌های روان­ شناختی گروه تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل نشان داد. نتایج نشان داد که از تمرین مهارت‌های روان­ شناختی می­ توان به ­عنوان راهبردی نویدبخش در کاهش اضطراب و کورتیزول بزاقی در ورزشکاران استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Psychological Interventions on Competitive State Anxiety and Salivary Cortisol In Elite Sprinters

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolah Taheriniyam 1
  • Hasan Gharayagh Zandi 2
  • Mohammad khabiri 3
  • Rahman Soori 1
1 Sport Psychology, Faculty Of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Univercity Of Tehran
2 Sport Psychology & motor Behavior, Faculty Of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Univercity Of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Few studies have been conducted on the effectiveness of psychological skills training on hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis response and sport performance. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of 8-week psychological skills training on competitive anxiety and salivary cortisol in elite sprinters. This study was a quasi-experimental study by pretest-posttest design with a control group. Statistical group comprised all men sprinters with an age range of 18-29 years in Khuzestan Province. To do this test, 30 male elite sprinters were randomly allocated into experimental and control groups(15 in each). We used salivary cortisol kit (Germany IBL company model RE-52611 model) to and Competitive Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2). The results were analyzed with SPSS 20. The findings showed significant reduction in salivary cortisol and significant reduction in Competitive Anxiety in experimental group to comparison with the control group after 8 weeks of psychological skills training. The results suggest that psychological skills training can be uses as a promised strategy in reduction of competitive anxiety and salivary cortisol in athletes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Skills
  • Salivary cortisol
  • Competitive Anxiety
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