اثر القاء هیجان بر تغییرپذیری ضربان قلب؛ ارزیابی نقش تعدیل کننده ریسک فاکتور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه روانشناسی ، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی سلامت، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی ، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران

4 داﻧﺸﯿﺎر ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ.دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬﺮان، تهران ، ایران

5 استاد ﮔﺮوه ﻗﻠﺐ و ﻋﺮوق، ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﯿﻘﺎت ﭘﯿﺸﮕﯿﺮی اوﻟﯿﻪ از ﺑﯿﻤﺎریﻫﺎی ﻗﻠﺐ و ﻋﺮوق، ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﻗﻠﺐ ﺗﻬﺮان، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﻋﻠﻮم ﭘﺰﺷﮑﯽ ﺗﻬﺮان

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تبیین تاثیر القاء هیجان بر تغییرپذیری ضربان قلب (HRV) طراحی شد. مطالعه حاضر از نوع شبه تجربی است. جامعه مورد پژوهش شامل زنان و مردان ایرانی در دامنه سنی 20 تا 40 سال است. پس از مصاحبه اولیه تعداد 92 نفر به صورت نمونه ­گیری هدفمند گزینش شدند. طرح آزمایشی شامل چهار مرحله ثبت تغییرپذیری ضربان قلب بوده است که به ­ترتیب شامل خط پایه، القاء هیجان غم، القاء هیجان خشم و مرحله پیگیری یا بازگشت به خط پایه بوده است. ابزار پژوهش شامل دستگاه ثبت تغییرپذیری ضربان قلب، فیلم­ های برانگیزاننده هیجان و چک لیست ریسک فاکتورهای ابتلا به بیماری قلبی-عروقی بوده است. به ­منظور تحلیل آماری از تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری اندازه ­گیری مکرر (طرح دو بین-یک درون) استفاده شد. مطابق با نتایج تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری اثر بین آزمودنی، میان زنان و مردان در HR تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت، اما بین دو گروه با ریسک بالا و پایین و اثر متقابل جنسیت و ریسک اثر معناداری پیدا نشد. ریسک فاکتورهای زیستی و محیطی در سنین کمتر از 40 سال بر تغییر پذیری ضربان قلب تاثیرگذار نیستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Elicited Emotion on Heart Rate Variability (HRV), Evaluating the Mediator Role of Risk Factors

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Rostami 1
  • Sara Keshavarz Moqadam 2
  • Nima Ghorbani 3
  • Abbas Rahiminezhad 4
  • Ali Vasheghani Farahani 5
1 Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran, Tehran. Iran
2 Department of health psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational science, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Health Psychology,Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran
4 Department of Health Psychology,Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran
5 Medical Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of elicited emotion on heart rate variability (HRV). In this study which was an semi-experimental research, 92 subjects whose age range was 20-40 years participated voluntarily and they were put purposefully in experimental group. The research tools included Procomp HRV Biofeedback, excitement emerging movies and Risk Factors Check list .
To analysis the data, Multi and univariate analysis of variance (Repeated measure) were assigned. According to results of the study, between analyses was revealed that the changes between high risk and low risk group was not significant. Due to the obtained results, CAD risk factors cannot be significantly affective for HRV abnormalities prediction in low age group and the need to investigate risk factors on older group is essential.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Heart rate variability
  • Emotion Eliciting
  • gender
  • Risk Factor
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