طراحی بسته آموزشی تنظیم هیجانی مبتنی بر نیازهای افراد در حال ترک مواد مخدر و بررسی اثربخشی آن بر تحریف های شناختی و وسوسه مصرف مواد مخدر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی (واحد خوراسگان)

2 گروه روانشناسی عمومی. دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی. دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی. واحد خوراسگان. اصفهان.ایران

3 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی (واحد خوراسگان)

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف طراحی بسته آموزشی تنظیم هیجانی ویژه افراد در حال ترک مواد مخدر سنتی و بررسی اثربخشی آن بر بهبود تحریف­های شناختی و وسوسه مصرف مواد مخدر این افراد اجرا شده است. روش تحقیق از نوع آمیخته می­باشد. در مرحله کیفی که با روش  نظریه مبنایی صورت گرفته، مولفه­های سازنده بسته آموزش تنظیم هیجانی (ویژه افراد در حال ترک) شناسایی شد. در بخش کمی پژوهش، از طرح شبه آزمایشی گروه­های ناهمسان استفاده شد. 40 نفر نمونه با روش در دسترس انتخاب، و در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه جای گرفتند. ابزارهای مورد استفاده شامل پرسشنامه تحریف­های شناختی بین فردی حمام چی و بویوک اوزتورک (1998) و وسوسه مصرف مواد مخدر ﺑﮏ و ﮐﻼرک (1993) می­باشد. داده­های جمع­آوری شده با آزمون تحلیل واریانس عاملی و اندازه­گیری مکرر تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان می­دهد که آموزش تنظیم هیجانی، موجب کاهش نمره تحریف­های شناختی افراد در حال ترک مواد مخدر شده است، اما بر وسوسه مصرف مواد مخدر تاثیر معناداری ندارد. در نتیجه آموزش راهبردهای ارزیابی مثبت و بهبود تحریف­های شناختی در افراد در حال ترک می­تواند احساس رضایت آنها را افزایش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing an Emotional Regulation Training Package based on the needs of people who leave the drug and examining its effectiveness on cognitive disturbances and drug use temptation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad Hemati 1
  • Ali Mahdad 2
  • Asghar Aghaei Jashooghani 3
1 PhD student in public psychology, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch
2 General Psychology Group. Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. Islamic Azad university. Khorasgan Unit. Isfahan Iran
3 Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University (Khorasgan Branch)
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to design a specially designed syllabus for emotional regulation and its effectiveness in Cognitive disturbances and the temptation of drug use. For this purpose, mixed research method has been used. In the qualitative stage, which was done by the method of Grounded Theory, the constructive components of the package of emotional regulation training were identified. In the second stage, the pseudo-experimental design of heterogeneous groups was used. 40 subjects were selected by available sampling method and were randomly assigned to either experimental or control group. The questionnaires used include Interpersonal Cognitive Distortion Questionnaire (Hamamci & Buyuk-ozturk, 1998) and Beck and Clarke's Drug Temptation Questionnaire (1993). The collected data were analyzed using repeated measure. The results show that emotional regulation training reduces the cognitive distortion of drug abusers, but does not have a significant effect on drug use temptation. As a result, educating positive assessment strategies and improving cognitive distortions in people who are leaving can increase their sense of satisfaction.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional regulation
  • cognitive disturbance and drug use temptation
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