بررسی ویژگی های روانسنجی نسخه فارسی فهرست اختلال استرس پس از ضربه‌ منطبق با ویراست پنجم نظام تشخیصی و آماری اختلالات روانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ، تهران، ایران

2 اﺳﺘﺎد ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﯿﻘﺎت ﻋﻠﻮم رﻓﺘﺎری، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﻋﻠﻮم ﭘﺰﺷﮑﯽ ﺑﻘﯿﻪاﷲ (ﻋﺞ) و ﮔﺮوه روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ ﺑﺎﻟﯿﻨﯽ داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﻋﻠﻢ و ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﯾﺮان

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

اختلال استرس پس از ضربه یکی از اختلال­های شایع، مزمن و ناتوان­کننده است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین ویژگی­های روان­سنجی نسخه فارسی فهرست اختلال استرس پس از ضربه (PCL-5) انجام گرفته است. روش پژوهش توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی است. روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس بوده، نمونه اولیه شامل 201 نفر، و نمونه نهایی با لحاظ کردن پرسشنامه­های معتبر شامل 157 نفر از شهروندان تهرانی بود که استرس خارج از تحملی را تجربه کرده و در فاصله زمانی اردیبهشت تا شهریور 1396 به پرسشنامه تاب آوری کانر- دیویدسون (CD-RISC) و مقیاس اختلال تنیدگی پس از سانحه می‌سی‌سی‌پی (MCCP) پاسخ دادند.نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی نشان داد که PCL-5 در فرهنگ ایرانی ساختار پنج عاملی دارد. همسانی درونی مقیاس بالا و میزان آلفای کرانباخ برابر با 92/0 است. همبستگی معنادار بین نمرات این مقیاس با نمرات MCCP بیانگر روایی همگرای مطلوب (74/0)، و با نمرات تاب­آوری نشان­دهنده روایی واگرای مطلوب (46/0) است.PCL-5 به­عنوان ابزار کاملا منطبق با DSM-5  می‌تواند به متخصصان در زمینه ارزیابی اختلال استرس پس از ضربه کمک فراوانی نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Homeira Varmaghani 1
  • Ali Fathi ashtiani 2
  • Hamid Poursharifi 3
1 Culture and Science of university, Tehran, Iran
2 Baqiyatallah university of Mental science & Clinical psychology, Tehran, Iran
3 University of social welfare &rehabilitation science
چکیده [English]

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common, chronic and debilitating disorders. The present research was conducted to determine the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). The research method is descriptive and correlational. Sampling method is convenience. Sample size in the first step consists of 201 people and the final step includes validated questionnaires including 157 Tehran citizens who have experienced excessive stress and from April to September 2017 responded to the Connor- Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and the PTSD scale of MCCP (MCCP). The results of exploratory factor analysis showed that PCL-5 has a five-factor structure in Iranian culture. The internal consistency of the scale is high and the Cronbach's alpha is equal to 0.92. Significant correlation between the scores of this scale and the MCCP scores indicates the desired convergent validity (0.74) and with the CD-RISC scores represent a desirable divergent validity (0.46). PCL-5 as a tool according to DSM-5 can help specialists in the assessment of PTSD.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stress
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist
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