بررسی اثر مستقیم و غیرمستقیم تبعیض جنسیتی بر رضایت زناشویی با میانجی‌گری ادراک انصاف

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر مستقیم و غیرمستقیم تبعیض جنسیتی بر رضایت زناشویی با میانجی ‌گری ادراک انصاف بود. جامعه‌ آماری پژوهش حاضر معلمان زن آموزش و پرورش شهرستان اهواز در سال تحصیلی 96-95 بودند که به روش نمونه ‌گیری تصادفی چندمرحله ­ای 200 نفر از معلمان زن متأهل به‌ عنوان نمونه‌ پژوهش انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ ها شامل پرسشنامه تبعیض جنسی دوسوگرا (1996)، خرده­ مقیاس رضایت زناشویی از پرسشنامه رضایت زناشویی انریچ (1993) و پرسشنامه ادراک انصاف پری (2004) است. داده‌ ها به روش تحلیل معادلات ساختاری تحلیل شدند. مدل ‌های ارزیابی شده در نمونه پژوهش از شاخص ­های برازندگی قابل قبولی برخوردار بود. با توجه به ضرایب مسیر به­‌ دست آمده مسیرهای مستقیم و غیرمستقیم پژوهش معنادار شدند. نتایج به ­دست آمده مدل­ ارائه شده و مضامین آموزشی و درمانی حاصل از این پژوهش مورد بحث قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of the Direct and Indirect Effect of Sexism on Marital Satisfaction Mediation with Perceived Aquity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zabihollah Abbaspour 1
  • Zahra Ghanbari 2
1 shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, , Ahvaz, Iran
2 shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, , Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the direct and indirect effect of sexism on marital satisfaction with mediating role of perceived fairness in married women employed in government offices in Ahvaz. The participants of the study were 200 married female teachers selected by multi-stage sampling method. The instruments used in this study consisted of Sexism Inventory(ASI), Measure Perceived Equity (MPE) and Enrich Marital Satisfaction Inventory (ENRICH). Data were analyzed using structural equation analysis. Results showed that proposed model had a good fitness. Regarding the path coefficients, direct and indirect routes of research were significant. The results obtained and the models presented in this study are discussed in terms of their therapeutic and educational implications.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sexism
  • Perceived Fairness
  • Marital Satisfaction
Altenburger, L. E., et al. (2017). "Sexist attitudes among emerging adult women readers of fifty shades fiction." 46(2): 455-464.

Austin, D. E., et al. (2019). "Benevolent and hostile sexism differentially predicted by facets of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation." 139: 34-38.

Becker, J. C. and S. C. Wright (2011). "Yet another dark side of chivalry: Benevolent sexism undermines and hostile sexism motivates collective action for social change."Journal of personality and social psychology 101(1): 62.

 Brown, M. (2013). Benevolent Sexism, Perceived Fairness, Decision-Making, and Marital Satisfaction: Covert Power Influences, Antioch University Seattle.

Campbell, D. J. (2017). "Demographic Variables as Moderators Between Benevolent Sexism and Relationship Satisfaction."

Casad, B. J., et al. (2015). "The real versus the ideal: Predicting relationship satisfaction and well-being from endorsement of marriage myths and benevolent sexism." 39(1): 119-129.

Connor, R. A., Glick, P., & Fiske, S. T. (2016). Ambivalent sexism in the twenty-first century. In C. G. Sibley & F. K. Barlow (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice. Cambridge University Press.

Engels, M., et al. (2019). "Gendered work-family trajectories and depression at older age." 1-9.

Fernández, J., et al. (2016). "The gendered division of housework/La división generizada de las tareas domesticas." 28(2): 130-137.

Hammond, M. D., & Overall, N. C. (2016). Sexism in intimate contexts: how romantic relationships help explain the origins, functions, and consequences of sexist attitudes. In C. G. Sibley & F. K. Barlow (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice. Cambridge University Press.

Hammond, M. D., et al. (2017). "Benevolent Sexism and Hostile Sexism Across the Ages." Social Psychological and Personality Science: 1948550617727588.

Helms, H., Proulx, C., Klute, M., McHale, S., & Crouter, A. (2006). Spouses' gender-typed attributes and their links with marital quality: A pattern analytic approach. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23(6), 843-864.

Henry, N., Berg, C., Smith, T., & Florsheim, P. (2007). Positive and negative characteristics of marital interaction and their association with marital satisfaction in middle-aged and older couples. Psychology and Aging, 22(3), 428-441.

Hill, S. and T. C. J. S. r. Marshall (2018). "Beliefs about sexual assault In india and Britain are explained by attitudes toward women and hostile sexism." 79(7-8): 421-430.

Homan,. H. (2006). Modeling Structural Equations Using LaserL Software, First Edition, Tehran, Sadegh.

Kaufman, G. J. R. i. F. T. (2005). "Do gender role attitudes matter? Family formation and dissolution among traditional and egalitarian men and women." 225.

Khojasteh Mehr, R., et al. (2015). The Study of the Direct and Indirect Effect of Relational Ethics on Depression and Sexual Dysfunction Mediation with Marital Satisfaction and Level of Communication. Applied Psychological Research Quarterly 2015, 5(4), 157-170.

Khojastemehr, R., Abbaspour, Z., & Rajabi, GH. (2009). Comparison of consistency, adaptability, level of communication and marital satisfaction in married couples and low levels of government departments in Ahvaz city. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, 15 (1), 194-179.

Khojastemehr, R., Faramarzi,. S,. & Rajabi, GH. (2013). The study of the role of fairness perception on marital quality. Psychological Studies, 8, 50-31.

Kramer, K. Z. and S. J. S. R. Pak (2018). "Relative Earnings and Depressive Symptoms among Working Parents: Gender Differences in the Effect of Relative Income on Depressive Symptoms." 78(11-12): 744-759.

Lachance-Grzela, M., et al. (2019). "Division of family labour and perceived unfairness among mothers: the role of mattering to family members." 1-15.

Lindfors, P., et al. (2018). "Family and school social capital, school burnout and academic achievement: a multilevel longitudinal analysis among Finnish pupils." 23(3): 368-381.

Norrander, B. and C. J. P. B. Wilcox (2008). "The gender gap in ideology." 30(4): 503-523.

Rajabi, GH., et al (2018). The effectiveness of premarital educationbased on relationship education program on reducing the dysfunctional relationship beliefs of single students. Applied Psychological Research Quarterly2018, 9(2),1-15

Robinson, B., & Hunter, E. (2008). Is mom still doing it all? Reexamining depictions of family work in popular advertising. Journal of Family Issues, 29(4), 465-486.

Salomon, K., et al. (2015). "Flash fire and slow burn: Women’s cardiovascular reactivity and recovery following hostile and benevolent sexism." Journal of experimental psychology: general144(2): 469.

Waddell, N., et al. (2018). "Better off Alone? Ambivalent Sexism Moderates the Association Between Relationship Status and Life Satisfaction Among Heterosexual Women and Men." 1-15.

ng Heterosexual Women and Men." 1-15.