کارکردهای اجرایی سرد و داغ در افراد دارای اختلال نقص توجه/بیش فعالی: مطالعه مروری نظامند

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی دانشگاه تبریز، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی تربیتی،دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز ، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مطالعه مروری نظامند کارکردهای اجرایی سرد و داغ در افراد دارای اختلال نقص‌توجه/بیش‌فعالی بود. در‌این‌راستا، از طریق پژوهش مروری نظامند و جست‌وجوی کلیدواژه‌های تخصصی مرتبط با اختلال نقص‌توجه/بیش‌فعالی و کارکردهای اجرایی سرد و داغ در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی تخصصی ایران و جهان شامل (Pupmed, Springer, ProQuest, Scopus, Elsevier, Science direct, Google Scholar, Magiran) ‌بین سال‌های 2015-2006 یافته­ها و اطلاعات موردنظر جهت دستیابی به هدف پژوهش مورد واکاوی قرار گرفت. نتایج جست‌وجوی نشان داد که از نُه پژوهش انجام‌شده، غالب پژوهش‌ها (چهار پژوهش) بر روی آزمودنی‌های دارای اختلال ریاضی از سن 7 تا 12 و در پایه 6-2 انجام ‌شده است. بیشتر پژوهش‌های انجام‌شده از نوع مطالعات آزمایشی می‌باشند (با فراوانی هشت پژوهش). نتایج کارکردهای اجرایی سرد و داغ در افراد دارای اختلال نقص‌توجه/بیش‌فعالی در سامانه داغ (تصمیم‌گیری) شامل نُه مطالعه و سامانه سرد شامل مهار واکنش، برنامه‌ریزی، حل‌مسئله و حافظه‌کاری به ترتیب در 7، 2، 5 و 8 پژوهش مورد سنجش قرارگرفته است. مرور نتایج پژوهش‌ها حاکی از وجود کمبودهایی در هر دو سامانه داغ (تصمیم‌گیری) و سرد (حل‌مسئله، حافظه‌کاری، مهار واکنش و برنامه‌ریزی) در کودکان دارای اختلال نقص‌توجه/ بیش‌فعالی است. با توجه به مشکلات این گروه از افراد در حوزه کارکردهای اجرایی طراحی و اجرای برنامه آموزشی و مداخله‌ای ضروری است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Hot and Cool Executive Functions in Individuals with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD): A Phenomenological Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahrooz Nemati 1
  • Mohammad Bardel 2
1 University of Tabriz
2 University of Tabriz
چکیده [English]

The aim of the current research was to study the hot and cool executive functions in individuals with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD). To this end, a systematic review study method with use of the hot and cool executive functions and AD/HD key words from web the Data (Pupmed, Springer, ProQuest, Scopus, Elsevier, Science direct, Google Scholar, Magiran), between 2006-2015 was conducted in accordance with research objectives to executed current study. Results revealed that from 9 published research  most of them (4 studies) have been performed on 7 to 12 years old with 2-6 grade subjects with math disorder. Experimental studies (with 88%) are the most frequent among different types of studies. The cold and hot functions result in individuals with AD/HD revealed that in the hot system (decision making) included 9 study and in cold system its including reactive inhibition, planning, problem solving and work memory in 7, 2, 5 and 8 research, respectively. The results of these studies are associated with deficiencies in both hot systems included (decision-making) and cold system (problem solving, work memory, response control, and planning) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Due to the problems of this group individuals in the field of executive functions, developing and implementation of educational and interventional programs are necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • executive functions
  • Hot and Cool System
  • AD/HD Disorder
  • Phenomenological Study
  • PRISMA Model

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