ارائه مدل علی روابط سرمایه های روان‌شناختی و هیجانات تدریس: نقش واسطه‌ای خستگی هیجانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران

2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارائه مدل علی روابط سرمایه­ های روان­شناختی و هیجانات تدریس با توجه به نقش واسطه ­ای خستگی هیجانی انجام شد. برای این منظور، تعداد 172 نفر از معلمان مقطع ابتدایی شهرستان برازجان به روش نمونه ­گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب، و به پرسشنامه­ ای خودگزارشی متشکل از مقیاس­ های سرمایه روان‌شناختی (لوتانز و همکاران، 2007)، خستگی هیجانی (ماسلاچ و همکاران، 1996) و مقیاس ارتقاء­یافته هیجانات تدریس فرنزل و همکاران (2010) پاسخ دادند. تحلیل داده‌ها در دو بخش متغیرهای مکنون و مشاهده‌ پذیر و با روش مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری به ­وسیله نرم‌افزار AMOS انجام گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که در مدل متغیرهای مکنون، سازه سرمایه روان‌شناختی، هیجانات مثبت را به صورت مثبت و هیجانات منفی را به صورت منفی پیش‌بینی می‌کند. همچنین سرمایه روان‌شناختی با واسطه‌گری خستگی هیجانی می‌تواند از میزان هیجانات منفی معلمان بکاهد. در مدل متغیرهای مشاهده‌ پذیر نیز مشخص شد که خودکارآمدی هیجانات لذت و غرور را به صورت مثبت پیش‌بینی می‌کند. از طرفی دو مؤلفه تاب‌آوری و خوش‌بینی نیز با واسطه‌گری خستگی هیجانی می‌توانند خشم و اضطراب معلمان را پیش‌بینی کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Presenting a causal model of relationship between psychological capital and teaching emotions: the mediating role of emotional exhaustion

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Rastegar 1
  • Mohammad Hassan Seif 1
  • Yasamin Abedini 2
چکیده [English]

The present study was done with the aim of presenting the causal model of relationship between psychological capitals and teaching emotions with regard to the mediating role of emotional exhaustion. To do this, 172 elementary school teachers from Borazjan were selected via randomized sampling and then answered to a self-report questionnaire consisted of psychological capitals scale (Luthanz et al. 2007), emotional exhaustion (Maslach et al. 1996), and revised version of teaching emotions by Frenzel et al. (2010). Data analysis was administered in two parts of latent and observed variables via structural equation modeling using AMOS software. The results, in latent variables’ model showed that psychological capitals predict positive emotions positively and negative emotions negatively in teachers. Moreover, psychological capitals can decrease teachers’ negative emotions through the mediation of emotional exhaustion. In observed variables’ model, it was revealed that self-efficacy predicts both enjoyment and pride. Besides, the two components of resilience and optimism could predict teachers’ anger and anxiety via the mediation of emotional exhaustion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • teaching emotions
  • psychological capitals
  • emotional exhaustion
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