نقش استحکام ذهنی در پیش بینی راهبردهای مقابله ای و اضطراب رقابتی دو و میدانی کاران نخبه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 اﺳﺘﺎدﯾﺎر روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ ورزش، داﻧﺸﮑﺪه ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺖ ﺑﺪﻧﯽ و ﻋﻠﻮم ورزﺷﯽ، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬﺮان، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﯾﺮا

3 کارﺷﻨﺎس ارﺷﺪ روانﺷﻨﺎﺳﯽ ورزش، داﻧﺸﮑﺪه ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺖ ﺑﺪﻧﯽ و ﻋﻠﻮم ورزﺷﯽ، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬﺮان، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﯾﺮان

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی نقش استحکام ذهنی در پیش­ بینی راهبردهای مقابله­ ای و اضطراب رقابتی دو و میدانی­ کاران نخبه بود. روش پژوهش استفاده شده از نوع توصیفی- همبستگی بود. برای این منظور تعداد 182 نفر از دو و میدانی­ کاران نخبه (میانگین سنی، 65/23 و انحراف معیار، 81/3) به­صورت داوطلبانه انتخاب شدند. جهت سنجش اضطراب رقابتی از پرسشنامه اضطراب رقابتی (SCAT) و همچنین از پرسشنامه راهبردهای مقابله­ ای برای ارزیابی راهبردها و پرسشنامه استحکام ذهنی ورزشی (SMTQ) در ورزشکاران استفاده گردید. داده ­ها از طریق نرم­ افزار SPSS نسخه 20 تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج آزمون آماری همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چندگانه نشان داد، استحکام ذهنی با اضطراب رقابتی و راهبرد­های مقابله­ ای مبتنی بر هیجان ارتباط منفی معنادار، و با راهبردهای مقابله ­ای ارتباط مثبت و معناداری دارد. نتایج رگرسیون چندگانه نشان دهنده پیش ­بینی اضطراب رقابتی و راهبردهای مقابله­ ای توسط استحکام ذهنی بود. نتایج کلی نشان داد ورزشکاران با استحکام ذهنی بالا از اضطراب رقابتی کمتری برخوردارند و همچنین در شرایط رقابتی، بیشتر از راهبردهای مقابله­ ای مبتنی بر عمل استفاده می­ کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Mental Toughness in Prediction of Coping Strategies And Competitive Anxiety of Elite Track and Field

نویسندگان [English]

  • ABDOLAH TAHERINIYAM 1
  • Hassan Gharayagh Zandi Gharayagh Zandi 2
  • Peyman Honarmand 3
1 Sport Psychology, Faculty Of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Univercity Of Tehran

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mental Toughness
  • Coping strategies
  • Competitive trait anxiety
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