بررسی مدل ساختاری تأثیر عزت‌نفس، خودشئ‌انگاری، و طرحواره‌های ظاهر بر سبک انتخاب لباس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه رواننشاسی، مؤسسه آموزش عالی المهدی مهر اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 استادیار گروه هنر، مؤسسه آموزش عالی المهدی مهر اصفهان،اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی مدل ساختاری تأثیر عزت‌نفس، خودشئ‌انگاری و طرحواره‌های ظاهر  بر سبک انتخاب لباس بود. روش پژوهش، کاربردی و از نوع پژوهش­های پیش‌بین بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان مشغول‌به‌تحصیل در دانشگاه‌های سپاهان شهر اصفهان در سال تحصیلی 99-1398 بود. از بین این افراد 192 دانشجوی دختر به‌طور در دسترس انتخاب شدند و به پرسشنامه‌های کارکردهای لباس پوشیدن (FC)، عزت‌نفس (SE)، طرحواره های مربوط به ظاهر (ASI)، مقیاس باورها و رفتارهای خودشئ‌انگاری (SOBBS) و پرسشنامه اطلاعات زمینه‌ای پاسخ دادند. نتایج معادلات ساختاری نشان دادکه عزت‌نفس و طرحواره­های ظاهر (خودارزیابی)، می‌توانند کارکردهای لباس پوشیدن را تحت‌تأثیر قرار دهند، به‌طوری که فردیت، امنیت و «مد بودن» را به‌صورت مثبت و استتار را به‌صورت منفی پیش‌بینی می‌کنند. عزت‌نفس بیشترین تأثیر را بر کارکرد «مد بودن» دارد، همچنین می­تواند خودشئ­انگاری (بدن به‌عنوان به خود) را به‌صورت منفی پیش‌بینی کند. خودشئ­انگاری (بدن به‌‌عنوان به خود) نیز، می­تواند به‌طور غیرمستقیم (با نقش واسطه‌ای«طرحواره خودارزیابی») همه کارکردهای لباس پوشیدن را پیش‌بینی کند. به‌طوری که فردیت، امنیت و «مد بودن» را به‌صورت مثبت و استتار را به‌صورت منفی پیش­بینی می­کند. خودشئ‌انگاری (بدن به‌عنوان به خود) و طرحواره­های ظاهر (خودارزیابی) در رابطه بین عزت‌نفس و کارکردهای لباس پوشیدن نقش واسطه‌ای دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Self-esteem, Self-objectification, and Appearance Schemas on Clothing Choice Style: Examining the Structural Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohre Alaedini 1
  • Sodabe Hasannejad 2
1 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Higher Education Institute of Al-Mahdi Mehr Isfahan,Isfahan, Iran
2 Higher Education Institute of Al-Mahdi Mehr Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to examine the structural model of the effects of self-esteem and appearance schemas on clothing choice style. The study was an applied and predictive research. The population included all students studying at Sepahanshahr universities in 2019-2020 academic year, from which 192 female students were selected using the convenient sampling method. The scales for assessment used in the study were Functions of Clothing (FC), Self-Esteem (SE), Appearance Schemas Inventory (ASI), Self-Objectification Beliefs, and Behaviors Scale (SOBBS), in addition to the demographic questionnaire. The results showed that self-esteem and appearance schemas affected clothing functions including “individuality”, “security”, and “mode” positively, and “camouflage” negatively. Self-esteem had the greatest impact on the function of "mode" and also predicted self-objectification ("body as self") negatively. Self-objectification ("the body as self") also indirectly (with the mediating role of the "self-evaluation schema") predicted all the functions of clothing (i.e., individuality, security, and mode) positively except for camouflage which was predicted negatively. Self-objectification ("body as self") and appearance schemas (self-evaluation) seem to play a mediating role in the relationship between self-esteem and functions of clothing. It is concluded that self-esteem and various aspects of body image (self-objectification and appearance schemas) influence the clothing choice style.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • self-esteem
  • self-objectification
  • Appearance Schemas
  • Clothing Choice Style
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