ارائه مدل تلفیقی رویکرد هیجان مدار و مدل گاتمن و اثربخشی آن بر کیفیت رابطه زناشویی زنان متاهل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه تهران. گرایش تخصصی تربیت مشاور

2 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده. دانشگاه تهران

3 عضو هیات علمی گروه روانشناسی تربیتی و مشاوره دانشگاه تهران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی آموزش مدل تلفیقی رویکرد هیجان ­مدار و مدل گاتمن بر کیفیت رابطه زناشویی زنان متاهل انجام گرفت. این پژوهش به روش آزمایشی با طرح شبه­ آزمایشی از نوع پیش­ آزمون، پس­ آزمون و پیگیری با گروه کنترل انجام شده است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش زنان متاهل مراجعه ­کننده به خانه سلامت تهرانسر منطقه 21 می ­­باشند. نمونه شامل 26 نفر از افراد جامعه بودند که به روش نمونه­ گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و 13 نفر در گروه آزمایش و 13 نفر در گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند. در این پژوهش از پرسشنامه کیفیت ابعاد رابطه ادراک شده (PRQC) استفاده شد. بر اساس نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری داده­ های پژوهش می ­توان گفت که آموزش مدل تلفیقی رویکرد هیجان­ مدار و مدل گاتمن موجب افزایش معنادار کیفیت رابطه زناشویی و تمام شش خرده ­مقیاس­ های آن (رضایت، اعتماد، تعهد، شوق و شور جنسی، صمیمیت و عشق) شده است. همچنین نتایج آزمون اندازه­ گیری مکرر نشان داد که اثربخشی آموزش مدل تلفیقی حاضر بعد از یک ماه ماندگار بوده است. بنابراین، نتایج پژوهش حاکی از این است که از آموزش مدل تلفیقی رویکرد هیجان­ مدار و مدل گاتمن می توان برای بهبود کیفیت رابطه زناشویی زنان متاهل استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Proposing an integrated model of emotional focused approach and Gottman model and its effectiveness on quality of marital relationship in married women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yaser Madani 1
  • Fatemeh Hashemi Golpayegani 2
  • Masoud Gholamali Lavasani 3
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an integrated model of emotionally focused approach and Gottman model on the quality of marital relationship in married women. In this study the quasi-experimental design with pre-test, post-test and follow up with a control group were used. The study population included married women who went to Tehransar health center, district 21. The sample consisted of 26 volunteer participants, which were selected using convenience sampling method, in two groups, including experimental (n = 13) and control (n = 13) groups. All participants were asked to complete the Perceived Relationship Quality Components (PRQC) questionnaire. Multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA). Results showed that the integrated model of emotionally focused approach and Gottman model significantly increased marital relationship quality and its six subscales (relationship satisfaction, trust, commitment, intimacy, passion, and love). Additionally, using repeated measures in the follow-up conducted one month later showed satisfactory results about the effectiveness of the integrated model in the experiment group. Therefore, it can be concluded that the specifically designed integrated model of emotionally focused approach and Gottman model can be used to increase the quality of marital relationship for married women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Integrated model
  • emotionally focused approach
  • Gottman model
  • quality of marital relationship
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